Food industry calls for harmonised precautionary allergen labelling

Peanuts are among the allergens that must be labelled under EU rules. [baibaz/Shutterstock]

Europe’s food and drink producers have called on the European Commission to come up with EU-wide standards on precautionary allergen labelling, arguing it is a much-needed step towards completing the single market.

The EU has strict rules on the labelling of allergens as ingredients in food products, but no standardised system for the precautionary labelling of allergens that may find their way into other products. Yet despite the best efforts of the food and drinks industry to prevent contamination, manufacturers can rarely guarantee that their products are completely free from traces of unwanted allergenic substances.

To minimise the risks associated with this uncertainty, manufacturers use precautionary allergen labelling (PAL). This takes the form of warnings on product packaging that they may contain traces of certain allergens, even if they are not on the list of ingredients.

But FoodDrinkEurope, a trade association representing Europe’s food and drinks producers, has warned that the absence of EU-wide rules on PAL is threatening the system’s credibility among consumers, putting allergy sufferers at greater risk and undermining the single market.

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No quantitative criteria

The EU currently has no quantitative criteria for precautionary allergen labelling in foods or drinks, meaning that member states are free to carry out their own risk assessments and set their own benchmarks for risk levels that must be labelled.

However, lack of clarity over the meaning of PAL and the potential risks it indicates in different EU member states can lead consumers to make ill-informed choices, according to FoodDrinkEurope. In emailed comments to, the association said that allergy sufferers often think different standards represent a hierarchy of risk, or believe that they can safely consume certain products that may in fact pose a threat.

In a recent policy document, FoodDrinkEurope called on the Commission to produce a harmonised framework for the labelling of allergen information, using clear, standardised and easy to translate terms. It also stressed that the PAL process should be rigorously scientific.

“Consumers need to know that products have been through a risk assessment and that the presence or absence of PAL is a consequence of that process,” the association stated.

What is more, the lack of EU leadership on the issue has caused a fragmentation of the single market, as member states are free to develop their own criteria and labelling practices.

Some 90% of the EU food and drinks industry’s turnover is generated within the single market, so different labelling requirements between member states represent significant barriers to intra-EU trade.



FoodDrinkEurope is the organisation of Europe’s food and drink industry. Our supply and manufacturing chains are largely integrated across the EU, whether for small or large businesses, and so is the intra-EU trade. The free circulation of goods guaranteed by the Single Market is essential to a competitive food industry, to uphold its 4.2 million jobs and its growth ambition.

For a Single Market with a purpose

For a Single Market with a purpose

The EU food and drink industry, the largest manufacturing sector in terms of turnover, value added and employment, is a strong advocate for a real Single Market. To that end, FoodDrinkEurope calls for:

  • High-level political commitment towards the Single Market, leading to a long-term vision
  • Prioritisation of Single Market issues at EU level focusing on a strong, competitive and sustainable supply chain
  • High-level coordination to ensure a relevant regulatory framework to support European industry
  • Improved functioning of mutual recognition in the non-harmonised areas

Read our Manifesto and find out more.

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The food and drink industry builds long-term partnerships with Europe’s farmers to secure a local agricultural supply, creates value and develops market opportunities for agricultural products and connects farmers and consumers in the food chain.

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FoodDrinkEurope aims to play an active role in the Brexit process. Our goal is to ensure the least disruptive outcome for the food and drink sector at large.

Click here to read FoodDrinkEurope's recommendations on the Brexit negotiations.

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