Stakeholders will be meeting in Madrid for the COP25 Climate Change Conference over the next two weeks (2-13 December), and transport decarbonisation is expected to take centre stage in the discussions.
Critics say too much focus is being put on the electrification of the sector and question whether this would bring the desired results, suggesting instead a more pragmatic approach using all available options.
Advanced biofuels are also seen as a promising solution to the transport problem, but investments should scale up.
The recently updated Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) has drawn much criticism and the European Commission would do well to look at it again, Artur Runge-Metzger, director of the Commission’s Climate Action directorate, told a EURACTIV event last week.
But what are the pragmatic options?