Comments on: EU Commission drives home merits of autonomous vehicles EU news and policy debates across languages Sun, 02 Sep 2018 19:49:23 +0000 hourly 1 By: steinwo Thu, 06 Apr 2017 08:39:14 +0000 Europe should never forget that it was here where autonomous driving was pioneered already in the mid 1990ies as the culmination point of the €795Mio project “PROMETHEUS”.
A first milestone was achieved in 1994,
when their twin robot vehicles VaMP and VITA-2 drove more than one thousand kilometers on a Paris multi-lane
highway in standard heavy traffic at speeds up to 130 km/h. They demonstrated autonomous driving in free lanes,
convoy driving, automatic tracking of other vehicles, and lane changes left and right with autonomous passing of other
The next culmination point was achieved in 1995, when Dickmanns´ re-engineered autonomous S-Class Mercedes-Benz
took a 1000-mile trip from Munich in Bavaria to Copenhagen in Denmark and back, using saccadic computer vision and
transputers to react in real time. The robot achieved speeds exceeding 175 km/h on the German Autobahn, with a mean
time between human interventions of 9 km. In traffic it executed manoeuvres to pass other cars. Despite being a research
system without emphasis on long distance reliability, it drove up to 158 km without any human intervention.