Armenia, Azerbaijan leaders discuss ‘peace treaty’ over Nagorno-Karabakh

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev (R) and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan are welcomed by the President of the European Council Charles Michel (C) ahead of a joint meeting at the European Council in Brussels, Belgium, 06 April 2022. [EPA-EFE/STEPHANIE LECOCQ]

The leaders of arch-foes Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed in a Brussels meeting Sunday (22 May) to “advance discussions” on a peace treaty over a troubled region that saw a war break out in 2020, the European Council’s president said.

The Nagorno-Karabakh region, situated in Muslim-majority Azerbaijan with mostly Christian Armenian residents, is the focus of a decades-long territorial dispute between the two ex-Soviet Caucasus neighbours.

In 2020 the simmering tensions escalated into all-out war, claiming more than 6,500 lives in six weeks before a Russian-brokered ceasefire saw Armenia cede swathes of territory it had controlled for decades.

Russian peacekeepers head to Nagorno-Karabakh after peace deal

Russian began deploying 2,000 peacekeepers to Nagorno-Karabakh on Tuesday (10 November) after Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed a peace deal to end weeks of fierce fighting over the disputed region.

Demonstrations have erupted in the Armenian capital Yerevan in recent weeks to protest President Nikol Pashinyan’s handling of the conflict, as he embarked last month on peace talks with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev.

The two leaders had a “frank and productive” EU-mediated discussion in Brussels, European Council President Charles Michel said Sunday.

“The leaders agreed to advance discussions on the future peace treaty governing inter-state relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan,” Michel said in a statement.

The process will begin in “the coming weeks”, he said, adding that he had stressed to the two leaders that “it was necessary that the rights and security of the ethnic Armenian population in Karabakh be addressed”.

There will also be a “meeting of the Border Commissions” in the coming days, which will address issues of border delimitation and “how best to ensure a stable situation”.

Armenia, Azerbaijan agree Karabakh peace talks, will discuss border

Armenia and Azerbaijan on Wednesday (6 April) agreed to peace talks to address tensions over the long-disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, which borders both nations, the office of Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said.

The leaders also agreed that transport links needed to be unblocked.

Pashinyan — currently facing pressure to resign — spoke about “preparations for the negotiation process on normalisation of relations between the two countries, humanitarian issues, as well as the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict”, said a statement from his office.

Aliyev’s office said the president “expressed his hope that the process of drafting the peace agreement between the two countries would be accelerated”.

Another EU-arranged meeting between Aliyev and Pashinyan is set for July or August, Michel said.

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