To achieve the EU’s aim of a 90% drop in transport emissions by 2050, the European Commission has proposed a range of measures, including scrapping the tax-free status of kerosene, and phasing out free CO2 permits handed out to airlines under the bloc’s carbon market.
But one of the measures which could have the most immediate effect on aircraft emissions are proposals to impose a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) mandate on all flights landing or departing from Europe.
The proposal was tabled in July as part of wider EU plans to cut emissions by 55% at least before 2030. It would require all planes refuelling at EU airports to uplift a set percentage of green jet fuel blended with kerosene.
This policy brief looks at the various types of SAF available and analyses the role of SAFs in decarbonising aviation.
[Edited by Alice Taylor and Frédéric Simon]