Commission vows tough enforcement of Circular Economy Package

Plastic bottles left out in the European Parliament to raise awareness of recycling. [European Parliament/Flickr]

The Circular Economy Package of waste and recycling laws will be backed by tougher European Commission enforcement than seen under previous administrations, an official yesterday (5 April) told plastic industry delegates.

Fulvia Raffaelli, deputy head of unit at DG Grow, the lead department on the Package, said the current Juncker Commission was “more committed” to policing its rules than its predecessor, the Barroso administration.

But the Circular Economy Package would not be allowed to harm the international competitiveness of European industry, warned Giovanni La Via, chairman of the European Parliament’s Environment Committee.

The rules, subject to approval by the Parliament and the Council of Ministers, are a first step to adapting the economy to a future of finite resources and a booming population by ensuring as little is wasted as possible.

“Enforcement is crucial. In DG Grow, and the whole Commission, we are all working very hard on different infringement cases,” Raffaelli said at The European Plastic Pipes and Fittings Association (TEPPFA) Forum in Brussels.

“Pragmatism, enforcement and implementation are much more present than before in the discussion,” Raffaelli said.

Infringement cases are legal actions launched by the Commission against EU member states that fail to observe EU law. Ultimately they can lead to large fines.

Despite the threat of infringement cases, some EU countries have continuously ignored EU legislation.

In March 2015, every single member state with the sole exception of Malta was hit by legal action over failures to put the Energy Efficiency Directive into place.

27 member states hit with EU legal action over energy efficiency

Every member state of the European Union, with the sole exception of Malta, was hit by legal action Thursday (26 March) over failures to translate the EU’s Energy Efficiency Directive into national law.

“We need to discuss this with different member states and we are working on that,” said Raffaelli, who stressed the need for industries to help police the new framework by providing, detailed technical information.

The Circular Economy Package was controversially withdrawn and re-tabled by the Juncker Commission as part of its drive for ‘better regulation’.

Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans promised MEPs the new package would be “more ambitious” than the one forward by the previous Barroso Commission.

But the new Circular Economy Package has lower 2030 targets for recycling municipal and packaging waste. For municipal waste, the new target is 65%, rather than 70%, and for packaging it is 75% rather than 80%.

The Commission argues that additional measures, such as initiatives focusing on designing products to make them easier to recycle, made the new rules more ambitious.

Timmermans defends ambition of new Circular Economy package

The European Commission today (2 December) defended the ambition of the waste and recycling laws which replaced the Circular Economy Package it axed in the drive to cut red tape.

Raffaelli said the lower targets were pragmatic but, combined with this broader “vision” were still ambitious.

Because the targets were more realistic, she implied, strong enforcement would be justified.

Pragmatism, enforcement and implementation “were really the basis of the new proposal”, she said, along with the business opportunities the package would create.

International competitiveness 

Concerns have been raised that higher environmental standards in the EU have left industries vulnerable to being undercut by competitors from countries such as China, which can make products cheaper.

But La Via, an Italian member of the European People’s Party, said that would not be allowed to happen.

“We don’t want to reduce European competitiveness,” he said, “we can lead the world [in environmental legislation] but we cannot strongly reduce the competitiveness of our industry.

“We well consider the environment but we have to combine the environment and competitiveness and find a good solution,” he added.

But he warned that the Parliament and the Environment Committee would carefully assess the ambition of the package, which includes four waste bills, to evaluate if Timmermans had kept his promise.

Let me prove you wrong on Circular Economy, Timmermans tells Greens

First Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans last night (4 February) asked Green MEPs to give him a chance to prove them wrong and demonstrate his commitment to environmental and social laws.

The Parliament would set out its position in November. If the Council was ready to begin negotiations over the final text, the package could be approved soon after, he said.

But MEPs wanted binding and ambitious targets that were the same for all member states, he said. The current Commission proposal has tailored targets depending on the country.

“The new proposal should not create double-standards and further deepen the differences across the EU leading to two-tier circular economy and undermining the single market,” he said.

MEPs weaken efficiency target in circular economy resolution

Members of the European Parliament stopped short of making resource efficiency targets binding in a resolution on the new package of EU waste, recycling and incineration laws, but called for more stringent environmental reporting rules to be imposed on national governments.

He added it was a shame that a year had been lost in the withdrawal and redrawing of the new rules.

Waste laws will be binned, despite protests

The European Commission’s decision to ditch the Circular Economy package of waste, recycling and incineration laws, was confirmed yesterday (22 January), despite the objections of the EU Parliament and national environment ministers.

Ambitious enough?

Karl-H Foerster, executive director of PlasticsEurope, said that the guidelines and framework of the package was strong enough to change industry behaviour and investment patterns.

He said the plastics industry had begun using innovative ways to use waste as feedstock in production.

That would only increase as such innovations became more commercially viable once they had been proved.

But Ferran Rosa of Zero Waste Europe said the package could not be pragmatic and ambitious at the same time.

“It’s impossible to reach a systemic change relying on low-hanging, easily implemented low-hanging fruits,” he said.

New Circular Economy Package to create fewer jobs than axed bill it replaced

EXCLUSIVE / The European Commission’s new Circular Economy Package will create 110,000 fewer jobs in the United Kingdom, Germany, Poland and Italy than the axed bill it has replaced, according to research obtained by EURACTIV.


The Circular Economy package was intended to increase recycling levels and tighten rules on incineration and landfill.

It consists of six bills on waste, packaging, landfill, end of life vehicles, batteries and accumulators, and waste electronic equipment.

European Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans was given a mandate from President Jean-Claude Juncker to cut red tape and deliver “better regulation”.

He told MEPs that he would withdrawing and re-tabling the package, to make it "more ambitious".

  • November: Expected date of European Parliament Environment Committee's position on package.

European Commission


Life Terra

Funded by the LIFE Programme of the EU

The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The Agency does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.

Subscribe to our newsletters