France says opposes EU-Mercosur trade deal over deforestation concerns

Prevfogo firefighters, an Ibama forest brigade formed by indigenous people of the Tenhari ethnic group, participate in fire fighting efforts fire in an indigenous reserve located in Humaita, state of Amazonas, Brazil, 07 September 2019. [EPA-EFE/FERNANDO BIZERRA JR]

France remains opposed to a free trade deal in its current proposed form between the EU and South American countries due to “major” concerns about deforestation in the region, the government said on Friday (18 September).

France is to set out three demands for negotiations to continue, which would crucially include respecting the targets of the Paris Agreement on fighting climate change, the government said.

The pact between the European Union and the South American Mercosur free trade bloc – comprising Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay – was agreed in principle last year after two decades of wrangling.

“The draft agreement has no provision to impose discipline on the practices of the Mercosur countries in the fight against deforestation,” the French government said in a statement.

“This is the major shortcoming in this agreement and this is the main reason why, as it stands, France opposes the draft agreement,” it added.

France and Ireland threaten to vote against EU-Mercosur deal 

Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has threatened to vote against a trade deal between the EU and South American trade bloc Mercosur unless Brazil, where wildfires continue to devastate the Amazon rainforest, takes its environmental obligations more seriously.

Its statement came as a report was delivered to Prime Minister Jean Castex that is hugely critical of the deal, describing it as a “missed opportunity for the EU to use its negotiating power to obtain solid guarantees” on environmental issues.

The 184-page report looks in detail at the deforestation of the Amazon and rise in production of beef in the region.

The pact still needs to be ratified by all 27 EU member states. France is far from alone in voicing resistance.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel earlier this month expressed “significant doubts” over the deal, given the extent of deforestation, her spokesman said. Parliaments in Austria, the Netherlands and the Belgian region of Wallonia have also indicated their opposition to the deal in its current form.

French President Emmanuel Macron has been a leading critic of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, a climate change sceptic who scrapped restrictions on exploiting the Amazon’s vast riches.

In an extraordinary spat last year, Macron rebuked the “extraordinarily rude” Bolsonaro after the Brazilian leader personally expressed approval for a Facebook post implying that Brigitte Macron was not as attractive as his own first lady, Michelle Bolsonaro.

Bolsonaro has hit back, accusing Macron of treating Brazil like “a colony or no-man’s land.”

Mercosur leaders look to close EU deal despite Macron's resistance

Mercosur ministers reported progress on the final text of a trade agreement with the European Union on Wednesday (1 July) on the eve of a summit meeting overshadowed by French President Emmanuel Macron’s latest comments against the deal.


Life Terra

Funded by the LIFE Programme of the EU

The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The Agency does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.

Subscribe to our newsletters