European carbon tax idea returns to election debate in France


The French green think-tank La Fabrique Ecologique has published eight environmental proposals to contribute to the European election debate. EURACTIV France’s media partner the Journal de l’environnement reports.

Political parties often draw ideas from thank-tanks as they struggle to form their own policy programmes. Those who want to make their catalogue of promises greener will be able to draw inspiration from La Fabrique Ecologique’s most recent work.

The organisation, chaired by Géraud Guibert, presented its environmental proposals for the European Union on Tuesday (19 February), in an attempt to write a different narrative.

“Because the idea that Europe is peace won’t work anymore,” regretted deputy chair Thierry Libaert.

Following the ideas of left-wing economist Pierre Larrouturou, La Fabrique Ecologique has proposed launching a European investment plan “explicitly dedicated to the climate”.

“It may be similar to what many economists are proposing,” Guibert admitted. “But never mind the modalities: it has to be done,” he said.

Carbon tariff at the EU’s borders

The think-tank’s experts also advocated maintaining an EU-based approach by protecting its businesses using a “carbon safety net.”

“Europe could implement mechanisms to prevent competitors from countries which do not comply with the Paris Agreement from having a competitive advantage over their European competitors,” Guibert said.

In other words, the EU could establish a carbon tariff at the borders. The idea has  regularly been raised since Nicolas Sarkozy’s term as French president, and Emmanuel Macron has now picked up the baton.

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Paris will push for a carbon price floor at EU level, complete with a carbon tariff at Europe’s external border for countries that don’t sign up to the Paris Agreement, French President Emmanuel Macron said in Brussels on Thursday (22 March).

Following the EU’s budget procedure, La Fabrique Ecologique recommends establishing an enhanced surveillance procedure if member states do not achieve their climate objectives.

“The Commission could compel states to take complementary measures. It could potentially punish them if this additional programme proved insufficient,” said Guibert.

The idea is gaining momentum, particularly in the Netherlands, where it is supported by the government. Unsurprisingly, the think tank has seized this and proposed the flat-rate taxation of kerosene for intra-EU flights.

“It’s a completely applicable measure which doesn’t violate the Chicago Convention,” Guibert believed.

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The world’s largest ever trade deal is also the first Europe has signed that commits both parties to upholding the UN climate accord. EURACTIV’s media partner Climate Home News reports.

Referenda proposed by popular initiative

Riding the wave of the ‘yellow vest’ movement, La Fabrique Ecologique also supports referendums proposed by popular initiative. This would be accompanied by “a rigorous framework and provisions to facilitate voting on specific proposals to mitigate climate change and to protect biodiversity.”

The idea of setting up an “independent committee of experts,” a kind of supreme court with the legal capacity to overturn an unlawful decision is more widely discussed.

Last but not least, Europe could also provide information on product lifespans for electrical and electronic products. The think-tank said this was a different way of bringing consumers back to the centre of policy.

[Edited by Frédéric Simon]

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