Ambitious fuel savings targets such as those proposed by the EU can cut motorists expenses by enormous sums, according to research conducted for Greenpeace by the former chief of the UK’s Environment Agency, Malcolm Fergusson.
(Correction: Country figures relate to motorists' average annual fuel costs).
His study predicts that car owners' annual average fuel costs – currently ranging between €1,235 per motorist in Luxembourg to €2,143 in Sweden – would plummet with tighter CO2 targets.
If an expected EU target of 95 grams of CO2 emissions per km (g/km) for new cars is confirmed in July, the average fuel cost per motorist would drop to between €962 and €1,665 annually by 2020, the report said (this figure also assumes a 147g/km target for vans).
And if the cars target was tightened to 60g/km by 2025, fuel costs would plunge further to between €494 and €863 annually by 2030, the study added.
“The lesson from these figures is clear,” said Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace. “A weakened law will pile hundreds of euros extra on drivers' fuel bills, while a strong one will do a lot to shield them from rocketing fuel prices.”
Petrol prices are currently at record levels across much of the EU. In the UK, the situation is dire with a litre of petrol currently costing €1.71 and the motorists’ body the AA predicting it to rise by another three cents by the summer.
In his research, Fergusson, who has previously provided CO2 and cars models for the EU, sets out five regulatory scenarios for the UK (and other member states), ranging from a legislative cap after 2015 to a 60g/km target by 2025.
The results of Fergusson’s number crunching for an average British driver were that:
- By 2015, s/he would be saving €208 a year.
- With a 95g/km target for 2020 that figure would rise to €475 by 2020, and €848 by 2030.
- A 70g/km target for 2025 would deliver €1,134 annual savings for motorists by 2030
- An 80g/km goal for 2020 and 70g/km for 2025 would result in savings rising from €523 in 2020 to €1,182 in 2030
- Most ambitiously, an 80g/km target for 2020 coupled with a 60g/km goal in 2025 would cut 2030 fuel costs by €1,255.
For new cars, the savings figure would soar from €722 a year under the 95g/km target in 2020 to an annual €1,512 under the ‘80g/km for 2020 and 60g/km for 2025’ scenario, in 2030.
When a 20% ‘rebound’ effect – the spending of saved money on more fuel – is factored in, the savings are more modestly estimated at between €578 under the 95g/km in 2020 picture, rising to €1,210 in 2030 under the 80g/60g hypothesis.
When a high oil price scenario is considered, as per the International Energy Agency’s 2009 World Energy Outlook, those numbers increase from €816 a year in the ‘95g/km by 2020’ scenario to €1,928 in the ‘80g and 60g’ projection.
Road transport currently accounts for 22% of the UK’s total carbon dioxide emissions, and an estimated 85% of that figure has been sourced to fuel use and servicing operations.
But some in the automotive industry challenge the idea that strict regulations will reduce costs for motorists, saying that they will push up car prices.
In the EU’s public consultation process, usually vocal organisations like the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), and the big car makers chose to contribute anonymously.
But one group, the International Road Transport Union (IRU), spoke out for the haulage sector, saying that “long-term targets should not be set by EU legislation” until new procedures for declaring fuel consumption and CO2 generation had been designed.
“Until then, voluntary targets as set by the road transport industry should be encouraged,” their submission says.
The Commission received twice as many responses to its consultation from businesses and professional associations as from NGOs, trades unions, political parties and others combined.
Brussels said that vehicle manufacturers “raised concerns over setting long-term targets and called for the focus on implementation of the existing legislative framework.”
But Achtenberg said that such grumbling was de rigeur.
“Carmakers will always complain about the targets but once they get serious they get it done,” she told EURACTIV. “It's up to lawmakers in Brussels to set the pace, for the sake of the environment and the economy.”
Preliminary data collected by the International Council on Clean Transportation indicates that EU car manufacturers are on track to meet a 2015 target of 130g CO2 per km (g/km) ahead of time.
They found the average CO2 emissions level of new passenger cars in the EU to be around 135g/km last year, a 3.7% drop on 2010.