US-China trade war spills into Green Climate Fund

Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi (L) welcomes US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (R) before a meeting at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, China, 08 October 2018. [EPA-EFE/Daisuke Suzuki]

A global fund originally set up in 2010 under the aegis of the UNFCCC to assist developing countries fight global warming got back on track with a $1 billion splurge, but the US vetoed a project that would have loaned $100 million to China. EURACTIV’s media partner Climate Home News reports.

The first Chinese bid for finance from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) was deferred on Saturday (20 October), after the US board member blocked it.

In a sign of US-China tensions spilling into the climate finance arena, Mathew Haarsager, a special assistant to the US president, vetoed a $100 million loan for green development in Shandong province.

He and Japan’s Hiroshi Matsuura raised concerns about the accountability of sub-projects and potential use of funds for research and development of commercial products.

The $1.5 billion programme also already had enough sources of cash, Haarsager argued: “We don’t see a compelling case for GCF financing being additional here.” The Asian Development Bank, French and German development banks, Shandong local governments and the private sector are named as co-financers.

Its defenders said it was exactly the kind of “transformational” initiative the GCF should support. Shandong has the highest energy consumption in China, largely fuelled by coal. By mobilising investments in clean energy, urban transport and other climate projects, the programme is predicted to save 50-75 million tonnes of carbon dioxide compared to business-as-usual.

After consultations, Matsuura said he would not stand against the proposal, leaving the US in sole opposition.

Tosi Mpanu Mpanu, a Congolese board member representing African countries, said US opposition was motivated by trade tensions between the superpowers.

“If you want to have an impact and a transformational role, you cannot do better [than the Shandong proposal], but it was nonetheless blocked by the US,” he told Climate Home News. “It can create a little bit of distrust of the good faith of some of the parties around the table.”

Failure to resolve the concerns sent the “wrong signal” to China, tweeted Bangladeshi climate finance expert and observer Shamir Shehab.

Earlier in the meeting, the board considered a proposal that would have removed the ability of an individual member to veto decisions, but could not agree on a voting system that everyone considered fair. This apparently innocuous procedural issue has proved the “toughest nut to crack”, said co-chair Paul Oquist, defying resolution for five years.

These were hitches in a generally productive meeting that went some way to reassure climate watchers, following a complete breakdown in boardroom relations in July.

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The board approved 19 projects worth $1 billion, including a slimmed-down version of a controversial water security project from oil-rich hosts Bahrain.

It agreed to trigger a fresh round of fundraising, with rich countries expected to deliver pledges at an event in autumn 2019. To inform that process, the board ordered a review of performance to date.

And recruitment for an executive director got the go-ahead, to replace Howard Bamsey, who quit abruptly at July’s troubled board meeting. The job advertisement was published on Monday.

Reaching agreement on fundraising, in particular, was seen as important to building trust ahead of UN negotiations on the Paris Agreement rulebook at Cop24 in December.

“[The] decision to initiate replenishment is key to ensure that the fund will be able to fulfil its mandate to channel climate finance to the most vulnerable countries,” said Norwegian board member Hans-Olav Ibrekk, in a statement. However, he noted the board still divides along developed-developing country lines, calling for more unity.

The decision to officially launch replenishment was “encouraging”, agreed Karma Tshering of Bhutan. He added: “We now need developed countries to step up and make significant pledges, so replenishment becomes a reality.”


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