Facebook doesn’t have all the answers, says Clegg, as social media giant clamps down on political ads

Nick Clegg, Facebook's head of global affairs and communications and the former UK deputy prime minister. [EPA-EFE/ANDY RAIN]

Facebook users looking to run paid-for political advertisements will be required to abide by a set of new rules in the run-up to the European elections, the head of the social media giant’s global affairs Nick Clegg said on Monday (28 January).

But he also said that regulators and other platforms need to do more in the pursuance of better data protection standards.

“We will launch new tools to help prevent interference in the upcoming election and make political advertising on Facebook more transparent,” Clegg told a public event in Brussels on world data protection day.

The new plans, to be rolled out in March, will see the social media giant establish an authorising department who will vet political ads for approval. In addition, each ad will feature a “paid for by” disclaimer. The new plans are similar to those adopted for the U.S. mid-term elections.

Cambridge Analytica parent firm hit with new UK penalty

The parent firm of Cambridge Analytica, SCL Elections Ltd, has been hit with a fresh fine of £15,000 (€16,500) including costs, for failing to comply with an enforcement notice delivered by the UK’s data protection authority, the Information Commissioner’s Office.

Moreover, all political ads will be stored in a publicly searchable library for up to seven years. ‘Issue ads’ – ads that aren’t party political but rather contain material on sensitive political or social matters, will also come under the scope of the new plans.

EURACTIV understands that one such ‘issue’, likely to be dealt with by Facebook under the new measures, is the inflammatory subject of advertisements that deal with immigration.

In a move that will be seen by many as playing into the hands of European Regulators, Facebook also plans to set up an operations centre focused on election integrity in Dublin in the spring.

“This approach will help boost our rapid response efforts to fight misinformation, bringing
together dozens of experts from across the company – including from our threat intelligence, data science, engineering, research, community operations and legal teams,” Clegg said.

He revealed that technical engineers will make a trip to Brussels later in the year to meet with regulators and give an insight into what goes on “under the bonnet” at Facebook.

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On the defensive

The former UK deputy prime minister, appearing for the first time in public in his new role at Facebook, also attempted to calm some of the discontent that has swelled against Facebook following the Cambridge Analytica scandal.

In March 2018, several media outlets reported that Cambridge Analytica had obtained the personal data of around 87 million Facebook users without their knowledge. Around 2.7 million of those users were EU-based. Later in the year, the company filed for insolvency proceedings and went into administration.

“While humility from a very large company like Facebook is called for, so is honesty,” he said. “Facebook may be the poster child for data-driven businesses, but the questions that have been raised go far beyond one company.”

“Everyone has a role in this. Facebook doesn’t have all the answers. But nor do governments or regulators either. We must learn from each other and work together.”

EU needs to 'double efforts' in the fight against disinformation, Gabriel says

The EU’s Digital Commissioner Mariya Gabriel has upped the ante in the fight against fake news, saying on Wednesday (23 January) that “new technologies are advancing extremely rapidly” and that as a result, the EU needs to “double its efforts.”

Earlier last year, the European Commission introduced a code of practice against disinformation, a voluntary framework that aims to stamp out the spread of fake news online. Signatories to the code include firms such as Facebook, Google and Twitter.

Last week, Digital Commissioner Mariya Gabriel revealed to EURACTIV that the results from the first compliance report of the code are due to be published publicly on Tuesday (29 January).

Under the code of practice, signatories are only required to self-regulate themselves, a feature that has provoked criticism from stakeholders.

“The self-regulatory approach,” Gabriel told EURACTIV, “is a chance we’ve given to platforms to show us that they can deal with the problem of fake news.”

“If it is necessary, regulatory measures will not be excluded.”

Clegg, on the other hand, appeard to have no misconceptions on the likelihood of future regulation.

“We recognise the value of regulation and we are committed to working with policymakers to get it right,” Clegg said on Monday, citing the example of Facebook’s November partnership with the Macron government that will address the issue of online hate speech.

Clegg hopes such types of partnerships can “help inform effective legislation.” However, he stood firm against those in the public eye who have taken aim at Facebook’s business model.

“We must avoid legitimate questions about data-driven businesses evolving into an outright rejection of data sharing and innovation,” he said.

“That would deprive us not only of great scientific innovations, but it would also drain the lifeblood of the new economy.”

[Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic]

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