Allies fume at German ban of arms exports to Saudi Arabia

File photo. German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (R) with British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt (L) attend a press conference at the Federal Foreign Ministry in Berlin, Germany, 20 February 2019. [Adam Berry/EPA/EFE]

Germany said Wednesday (20 February) it would hold firm on its decision to halt weapons exports to Saudi Arabia, shrugging off British warnings that the embargo could hurt European credibility and efforts to bring peace in Yemen.

“The stance of the government is that we won’t deliver weapons to Saudi Arabia at the moment,” Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said after talks with his British counterpart about the decision taken in October over the murder of dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Merkel: No arms exports to Saudi Arabia until ‘monstrous’ killing cleared up

German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Monday (22 October) called the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul a “monstrosity” and vowed to halt all German arms exports to Saudi Arabia until the case is cleared up.

Any future decision would be “dependant on developments in the Yemen conflict and whether what was agreed in the Stockholm peace talks are implemented,” added Maas referring to the Saudi-led war against Iran-backed rebels.

Researchers: Saudi-led coalition is responsible for Yemen's health crisis

Severe food and medical shortages caused by two years of devastating war are having a major impact on everyday life in Yemen, where thousands of children starve to death, researchers have warned, pointing out the responsibility of Saudi Arabia.

Earlier Wednesday, British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt said he would raise the issue with Maas, after Spiegel Online reported that the British minister had written to his German counterpart to complain about the arms embargo.

Their differences were laid bare at a news conference following the talks.

“In reality, because the UK has a strategic relationship with Saudi Arabia, we’d been able to play a very important part in making the Stockholm talks happen,” said Hunt.

“And we don’t believe that changing our commercial relationship with Saudi Arabia will help that, in fact we worry that it would do the opposite — it would reduce our influence on that process.”

In London, Britain’s foreign ministry confirmed a letter from Hunt to Maas but did not give details because it was “private”.

Citing the letter, Spiegel reported that London had urged Berlin to exempt major European defence projects like Eurofighter or Tornados jets from the weapons embargo.

Both the Eurofighter and Tornado jets contain German components. An export ban has therefore had a domino effect on other European companies involved in building the aircraft.

Hunt had warned in his letter that Riyadh is already seeking compensation from Britain’s BAE Systems over the German ban, Spiegel said.

Germany’s decision to freeze arms exports has also met with opposition from other European powers, including France, where President Emmanuel Macron had labelled it “pure demagoguery”.

Macron defends Saudi arms sales, to hold Yemen conference

President Emmanuel Macron yesterday (10 April) defended French weapons sales to the Saudi-led coalition fighting in Yemen, but said he was concerned by the humanitarian situation and would host a conference on the issue before the summer.

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