Following the recent security disaster in Afghanistan and the unfolding refugee crisis/migration dispute, another common EU defence idea has resurfaced. But will it actually become reality this time?
Are we at another moment of Europe’s strategic helplessness, another turning point, and, potentially, another security awakening?
As Europe picks up the pieces of its Afghan withdrawal response, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell called yet again on Monday (30 August) on the bloc’s governments to push ahead with a European rapid reaction force to be better prepared for similar future crises.
“We need to draw lessons from this experience… as Europeans, we have not been able to send 6,000 soldiers around the Kabul airport to secure the area. The US has been, we haven’t,” Borrell said in an interview with Italian daily Corriere della Sera.
Earlier in May, 14 member states, including Germany and France, proposed such a force, possibly with ships and aircraft, to assist democratic foreign governments needing urgent help.
Heard it all before? Yes, because the idea is not new. In 2007 the EU set up a combat-ready system of battle groups of 1,500 personnel to respond to crises, but they have never been used.
One of the ideas floating around is that those battle groups could now form the basis of a so-called First Entry Force, part of a new momentum towards more EU defence capabilities.
The tarnished image of the United States – after four years of Donald Trump and now President Biden’s messy withdrawal from Afghanistan – makes a strong argument for proponents of the EU’s strategic autonomy.
Internal Market Commissioner Thierry Breton, whose portfolio includes the defence industry and space, joined the current debate and hit hard on the strategic autonomy theme.
“We have reached a turning point. European common defence is no longer an option. The only question is ‘when’,” Breton tweeted.
His fellow Frenchman, President Emmanuel Macron, has (somewhat surprisingly) refrained from making similar statements in the past few weeks, while previously never missing an opportunity to do so.
But let’s limit our doubts to three main ones: national hesitations, incoherent ambitions, and a lack of money.
Such strategic autonomy calls, as suitable they might seem at each moment in time, still lack cross-European political will, also due to differences in threat perceptions and needs across the bloc between East, West, North and South.
Before Brexit, the Brits went to the proverbial barricades to fight against anything that would resemble an attempt to create an ‘EU army’. After Brexit, the misconception about what a common EU defence would be lives on, also because its ambitions are not clear.
An EU rapid reaction force, for example, is not an EU army, but would rather have tightly limited and member states’-sanctioned tasks, such as the evacuation of people, humanitarian, peacekeeping, and peace enforcement missions.
However, with the EU still waiting to see how to meaningfully integrate national militaries or have anything resembling a joint military doctrine, it’s hard to imagine any national government would agree to send its soldiers for anything but a national cause.
And realistically, the financial firepower put into all current EU defence initiatives, be it funding research or investing in infrastructure, proves that the budget available is, at best, a drop in the bucket.
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The post-2020 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform agreement struck in June introduced a new concept of social dimension that bears the potential to build a third “pillar” for the EU’s farming subsidy programme in the near future.
A geothermal power plant in the UK has discovered the highest concentration of lithium ever found in geothermal fluid, opening the door to a new business model for the renewable energy source.
With the German elections less than a month away, the country’s agreed 2038 coal exit looks increasingly untenable. Yet, with voters increasingly concerned about the climate, leaders’ past policy choices are coming back to haunt them.
Despite the health risks and lack of infrastructure, organisations in Paris are working hard to make swimming in the Seine a reality for the 2024 Olympic Games. EURACTIV France reports.
European football fans want to get involved in making sure their sport is ecologically sustainable but lack a proper framework, the European football fan association SD Europe said in its sustainability report. Meanwhile, Germany seems to be ahead of the pack when it comes to tackling football’s ecological footprint.
Look out for…
- Justice and home affairs council to discuss the situation in Afghanistan.
Views are the author’s
[Edited by Benjamin Fox/Zoran Radosavljevic]