A surge in migrants from Africa threatens the European Union’s living standards and social infrastructure, British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said on Sunday (9 August), adding that the bloc was unable to take in millions of people seeking a new life.
Hammond’s comments, some of his most outspoken on the subject yet, underscore how the British government is ramping up its anti-immigration rhetoric in response to a spike in migrant attempts to reach Britain via the Channel Tunnel from France.
They are also part of a wider EU trend which has seen Alexis Tsipras say Greece cannot cope with the number of migrants fleeing instability in the Middle East and Africa and German calls for tighter immigration curbs.
“We have got to be able to resolve this problem ultimately by being able to return those who are not entitled to claim asylum back to their countries of origin,” Hammond, speaking while visiting Singapore, told BBC TV.
“That’s our number one priority.”
Hammond said there would always be millions of Africans with “the economic motivation” to want to get to Europe and that EU laws meant migrants were “pretty confident” they could stay.
“That is not a sustainable situation because Europe can’t protect itself and preserve its standard of living and social infrastructure, if it has to absorb millions of migrants from Africa,” he said.
Britain’s Conservative government is under pressure to show it is acting to solve what the press has dubbed “the Calais crisis” with hundreds of migrants trying nightly to scale fences around the entrance to the Channel Tunnel in France.
That has disrupted passenger and freight traffic and dominated the summer’s headlines.
Some of the migrants manage to reach Britain.
On Sunday, police said they had arrested 18 suspected illegal migrants found hidden in the back of a lorry in England.
But the government’s increasingly shrill tone on the issue – Cameron was criticised for referring to migrants as “a swarm” – has upset charities, churchmen and left-wing politicians.
Earlier this month, Church of England Bishop Trevor Willmott told the government not to forget its humanity.
“When we become harsh with each other and forget our humanity then we end up in these stand-off positions,” he told the Observer newspaper. Hammond said the Calais crisis was far from solved.
“So long as there are large numbers of pretty desperate migrants marauding around the area there will always be a threat to the tunnel’s security,” he said.
The number of migrants trying to reach the European Union has increased sharply over the past two years. 90,000 migrants have arrived in Italy alone since January this year.
On Wednesday 5 August, the Italian coastguard plucked a further 400 refugees from the Mediterranean, after their overcrowded boat sank off the coast of Libya. According to some accounts, 200 people had already drowned before help arrived.
Around 188,000 migrants have made the crossing from North Africa to Europe so far this year, according to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), which puts the death toll in the Mediterranean at over 2,000 since January 2015.
In April, after an even worse disaster estimated to have cost 800 migrant lives, the 28 European Union leaders agreed to take urgent action — to step up rescue efforts at sea and to try and halt the problem at source, including the use of limited military action against people traffickers in Libya.
The bloc failed however to agree last month on how to distribute 40,000 mostly Syrian and Eritrean migrants from overstretched Italy and Greece.
Member states offered to take in take some 32,000 plus another 22,500 Syrian asylum seekers currently in camps outside the EU. Given the numbers involved and the scale of upheaval across North Africa and the Middle East, many believe the problem dwarfs such measures.
In their statement, the three EU officials said despite the bloc’s efforts, “it is not enough and will never be enough to prevent all tragedies”.
Faced with the scale of the crisis, nationalist parties across Europe have become increasingly vocal in their opposition to policies of resettlement and solidarity.
Immigration has overtaken unemployment and the financial crisis as the number one concern for EU citizens in recent months, according to a study by Eurostat. Many European governments have taken strong anti-immigration measures in order to mollify their increasingly worried voters.
More than 2,000 migrants tried to enter the Channel Tunnel in an attempt to reach Britain from France, French authorities said on Tuesday (28 July) before a Sudanese man was killed overnight in a second storming of the Tunnel.Up to 100 extra security guards are to be sent to patrol the Channel Tunnel terminal in the latest move to get the migrant crisis at Calais under control.
The British Government has announced that British immigration officers and French police are to work side by side at Eurotunnel’s control room at Coquelles, making it easier to respond quickly to attempts by migrants to break into the tunnel.
On 27 May, the Commission proposed the relocation of 40,000 refugees from Italy and Greece to other EU countries, as well as the resettlement of 20,000 from outside the EU, across member states. The Commission's scheme needs to be adopted by the Council of the European Union, voting by qualified majority.
It was clear from the outset that the proposal stood no chance of being accepted by most member states, given the reactions of EU leaders at the extraordinary summit on migration on 23 April.