EU plan to protect journalists from malicious lawsuits moves forward

Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPPs) are often used by businesses, governments or individuals to silence figures from the media or human rights fields. [Lion Day / Shutterstock]

The European Commission initiated on Monday (4 October) a public consultation on its plan to protect journalists and human rights defenders from litigation designed to curtail their work.

Feedback from the consultation will inform the Commission’s upcoming initiative focused on the so-called Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPPs), which are often used by businesses, governments or individuals to silence figures from the media or human rights fields. 

“Journalists and rights defenders should be the watchdogs of our democracies, not legally harassed for keeping in check those in power. The public consultation will help us to understand what we need to do to protect them,” said Commission Vice-President for Values and Transparency, Věra Jourová.

The proposed initiative was announced in December 2020 as part of the European Democracy Action Plan, a broad package of measures designed to strengthen free elections, protect media freedoms and counter disinformation. 

EU Parliament to counter lawsuits designed to silence journalists, NGOs

The European Parliament’s committees dealing with legal affairs (JURI), civil liberties and home affairs (LIBE) met on Tuesday (11 May) to prepare a report on combating lawsuits aimed at intimidating journalists and civil society organisations in the EU.

The use of SLAPPs against journalists in Europe has been growing and calls for the EU to take action to combat them have mounted since the assassination in 2017 of Maltese investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia, who was facing 47 such lawsuits at the time of her death. 

Earlier this year, more than 100 organisations signed an open letter to the Council of Europe, calling for a recommendation on tackling the increasing use of SLAPPs across the continent, in countries both within and outside the EU.

SLAPPs “misuse legal and judiciary systems to censor, intimidate and silence journalists and rights’ defenders”, said Justice Commissioner Didier Reynders, describing them as “a threat to democratic values and fundamental rights.”

“The Commission’s initiative will address this threat and help ensure the proper functioning of the checks and balances of a healthy democracy”, he added. 

The public consultation period, which will last until 10 January 2022, precedes the initiative’s expected adoption in the spring.

Among the other steps recently taken by the Commission under the umbrella of the Democracy Action Plan are the introduction of Recommendations on the Safety of Journalists and a push for more widespread support when it comes to updating the 2018 Code of Practice on Disinformation.

Commission pushes for 'timely' update of disinformation code of practice

The review process for the Code of Practice on Disinformation has gained eight new potential signatories including businesses and civil society groups, but the Commission worries over the slow pace of the process. 

EU lawmaker Tiemo Wölken, JURI Committee rapporteur for the SLAPPs file, told EURACTIV that “we need to develop stronger judicial cooperation by providing common rules on how to deal with SLAPPs”.

“This must include, but is not limited to, a clear definition of SLAPPs, rules on confidentiality of investigations and reports, including of information sources and as well as rules giving victims the possibility to as for an early dismissal,” he added.

Non-legislative measures should also be introduced, Wölken said, “for example the introduction of a much needed and robust fund to support SLAPP victims or the introduction of effective assistance, information and practical advice and support provided by a one-stop-shop for ‘first aid’ to SLAPP victims.”

[Edited by Luca Bertuzzi/Zoran Radosavljevic]

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