This article is part of our special report Data protection.
New EU data protection rules could collapse because of ‘excessive lobbying’, foot-dragging by MEPs, and entanglement in trade negotiations with the United States, Europe’s chief data protection watchdog warned yesterday (29 May).
“There is some concern about excessive lobbying and circulating messages that create wrong impressions,” Peter Hustinx, the European data protection supervisor, told journalists after delivering his annual report to the European Parliament’s civil liberties, justice and home affairs committee.
The review process for the new rules had attracted “enormous attention from industry alleging that data protection rules are a hindrance to innovation”, he said, adding there had been a “full-court press” to influence the legislation.
Right to be forgotten
Hustinx singled out the “right to be forgotten” – a proposal in the data protection regulation designed to protect individuals from having their data retained by internet operators – as a key target of lobbyists.
“The Commission emphasis on the right to be forgotten has created an enormous feedback that nothing should be forgotten, and it’s overstated,” Hustinx said.
He said that it was important to “distinguish the proposal from the rhetoric”. Although the proposal “cannot be delivered in all its details in practice”, he said its emphasis on imposing time limits on the retention of data and stipulating when data should be erased would be welcome.
Many of the provisions in the proposed regulation “make eminent sense” and could be achieved through stronger privacy by design, Hustinx said, adding that business interests from abroad and within Europe had overstated claims that implementing the rules would be too costly and stifle innovation.
Lobbying has stalled passage of the legislation. The Commission’s proposals got off to a good start, Hustinx said, adding that the Irish EU presidency had worked “very very hard – put in extra time” in an attempt to reach agreements.
“But the Parliament seems to slow down, and latest language this morning [29 May] was maybe [agreement on the issues would come] not before the summer, maybe in September,” Hustinx said, adding: “Well, then, time is running out on us, and we cannot afford to fail.”
Trade deal could slow things down
Hustinx said he was he was “ringing this bell” because “this is not only the hot period but also the delivery time”. Failure to approve the legislation before the Parliament’s tenure ends next year would “have serious repercussions in terms of economic development” and offer a bonus to the lobbyists, he said.
Hustinx also warned that a “coalition mixing Transatlantic business interests” was seeking to join negotiation over the new data protection rules to attempts by the EU and the US to reach a comprehensive free trade agreement.
“It is not going to be helpful in finding the solutions we need,” he said, stating that impending EU-US trade talks could further delay the legislation.