European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker called on Europe to “stand up” to the far-right during a speech at the opening session of the European Week of Regions and Cities on Monday (8 September).
The rise of nationalism, populism and far-right movements is likely to shape the EU’s agenda ahead of the European elections in May 2019 and might affect budget negotiations for the next seven years.
Juncker insisted in front of hundreds of regional and local representatives gathered in Brussels on the need to distinguish between “those Eurosceptics who have questions to ask and opinions to make and the stupid populists”.
“In Europe, there is an increasing number of Eurosceptics and they tend to be promoting Eurosceptical opinions. We should talk to them,” Juncker said. “We cannot build Europe against the nations and the regions,” he insisted.
“Europe is not just Brussels and Strasbourg but every city and region,” he added.
Juncker stressed that some problems in Europe, such as climate change, are not limited by borders and member states on their own cannot tackle them. Here, the EU executive chief stressed, cities and regions are key.
“Without cooperation and cohesion nothing will be possible in Europe,” he warned.
“Cities and regions are the most important partners that we have,” added Commissioner for Regional Policy Corina Crețu. “Cohesion policy is much more than investment, cohesion policy is solidarity,” she insisted.
A position on subsidiarity by mid-November
Last year, the Commission set up a task-force to make recommendations on how to better apply the principle of subsidiarity, to identify policy areas where the EU could return powers back to member states and find ways to better involve regional and local authorities in policy making.
Some member states, including current holder of the rotating presidency of the EU Austria have been particularly demanding in these areas. Juncker said that by November this year, the Commission could have some actual results to share.
But Juncker also warned that “sometimes I have the impression that when we say subsidiarity we say ‘unsolidarity’. Subsidiarity can not go against solidarity.”
Some member states do not have the means for certain actions, the president of the Commission recalled. He pointed to Galileo, negotiations with African partners to reduce migration flows or fight against climate change as example of the need for European action.
Cohesion Policy post-2020
Over the next few months, the Commission, the Parliament and the Council will negotiate a new long-term budget for the EU. Severe cuts of up to 10% are expected in Cohesion Policy.
Jean-Claude Juncker agreed with regional representatives who consider the cuts as a threat to the very existence of the policy. But he argued it was the only way to ensure funds for the new priorities demanded by member states such as security or migration.
“Either we do not include in the budget the new policies or we share between all the needs and therefore we are going to have to make cuts for the new priorities we need to include,” Juncker told the audience.
Nevertheless, the president insisted that cohesion remains a priority for the Commission. “The Cohesion Policy is not a policy of the past, it is a real policy of the future,” Karl-Heinz Lambertz, president of the European Committee of the Regions, underlined.
Juncker, as his Budget Commissioner Günther Oettinger repeatedly said, wants to close an agreement on the new budget ahead of the European elections in May 2019.
“It is not a countable exercise but the future of Europe in figures,” Juncker defended. The EU, Lambertz pointed out, “still has a big future ahead.”
“We should ask not what Europe can do for us, but what we can do for Europe,” the president of the Committee of the Regions stressed, paraphrasing John F. Kennedy.