With falling unemployment, increased exports and comparatively stable growth rates. Germany’s statistics paint a positive picture. But many Germans have been left behind, EURACTIV Germany reports.
The gap between rich and poor regions keeps widening. This is the main message of the new Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung study entitled ‘Ungleiches Deutschland’ (unequal Germany). While several cities and districts are booming, other regions are being left behind.
This applies primarily to eastern Germany, but also to metropolitan regions in the west, which have been facing major problems because of the structural change in industry.
In Gelsenkirchen, in Nordrhein-Westphalen, for example, the income per capita for private households is €16,203, half of that in Germany’s wealthiest city: Starnberg in Munich.
The unemployment rate in Gelsenkirchen is 10.7%, well above the German average. The city is also affected by debt, weak growth and emigration. This is a vicious circle that is being accelerated because balancing between the federal government and the states no longer works, according to the Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung report.
Higher risk of poverty even in affluent cities
But the report warns that the increasing risk of poverty is also affecting successful cities.
Although unemployment has seen a steady decline since 2005 – from 3.4% ten years ago to 2.3% today, this has not stopped the gap between rich and poor from widening further. This is because costs of living and rents have been sharply increasing. Employment is also becoming precarious with atypical forms of employment and low salaries.
The German government set up an ‘Equal Living Conditions’ Commission last summer, The Commission is set to present a report with concrete proposals in July
Authors of the Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung study are now calling for one of the Commission’s proposals to be the restructure of state investment aids to take account of regions and spatial differences.
The report also proposes the creation of a joint debt relief fund applicable to the country and federal states, in which old debts of the most burdened municipalities could be bundled.
But the study also highlights that the debt relief should be subject to conditions to improve the situation in the long term, and the poorest should also be relieved of social security contributions, according to the study.
“Additional measures to support single parents, combat child poverty and address the issue of early school leavers should also exist,” Phillip Fink, one of the authors of the study, told EURACTIV.