Following the biggest street protests in decades, Slovakia’s long-serving Prime Minister Robert Fico faces a deadline today (12 March) to ditch his closest ally or risk breaking apart his coalition government.
The death of investigative reporter Jan Kuciak, who probed fraud cases involving politically-connected businessmen, has stoked public anger over persistent corruption allegations and pushed Fico’s government towards collapse.
In the largest protests since the fall of communism in 1989, an estimated 50,000 people rallied in Bratislava on Friday and thousands more in other cities, demanding the resignation of Fico’s cabinet a thorough investigation of Kuciak’s death.
Proud. Tens of thousands protesting against politics# cronyism, #conspiracy theories, #corruption – crowds in #Slovakia ,largest in decades, ratchet up pressure on PM Robert #Fico https://t.co/Z25hKKy9a8 by @Reuters #allforJan pic.twitter.com/CEjgq9zW7a
— SantaMartin (@_SantaMartin) March 10, 2018
Fico’s junior partner in government, the Most-Híd (Bridge) group, has demanded Fico dismiss Interior Minister Robert Kaliňák, a founding member of Fico’s Smer party, by Monday.
Fico has resisted getting rid of Kaliňák but, worried over losing Most-Híd’s support, last week said he was ready to offer solutions to keep their support.
The leader of the EPP group in the European Parliament Manfred Weber has also insisted that Fico should dismiss Kaliňák.
If Prime Minister #Fico wants to keep some credibility, he must dismiss the Interior Minister. The involvement of the Minister in the inquiry is not acceptable. We expect the govt to make every effort to clarify the crimes and guarantee the freedom of the media. #Slovakia 2/2
— Manfred Weber (@ManfredWeber) March 11, 2018
Without Most-Híd, a centrist group that represents the ethnic Hungarian minority in Slovakia, Fico will have to rule over a minority government but would need to rely on the support of far-right deputies, which some Smer members are against. An early election could follow.
Most-Híd’s leadership will meet on Monday. Deputy Prime Minister and Smer official Peter Pellegrini said on Sunday some changes should be made.
“We should make concessions, changes in government, that would satisfy our coalition partners and help stabilise tensions in society,” he told the public broadcaster RTVS.
Even if Fico dismisses Kaliňák, it may not satisfy Most-Híd. Many of its lawmakers were angered last week when Fico began referring to what the party called “conspiracy theories that may threaten talks on government reconstruction”.
In attacks echoing those of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, Fico has accused foreign forces of trying to destabilise Slovakia and has questioned the president’s meetings with financier George Soros in New York last year.
Critics say Kaliňák, who oversees the police as interior minister, cannot guarantee an independent investigation into the killing of Kuciak and his fiancée in late February.
Before he was shot dead, Kuciak had been investigating Italian businessmen in Slovakia with suspected mafia links. One of the Italians that Kuciak wrote about had co-owned firms with two Slovaks who went on to work in Fico’s office.
Both have resigned but deny links to the murder. Their Italian former business partner denies connections to the mafia. No one has been charged in the killings.
In the past, Kuciak had also written about a real-estate developer investigated for tax fraud who had business ties to Kaliňák. Both have denied wrongdoing.
Fico’s three-party coalition, also including centrist Slovak National Party (SNS), holds 78 of the 150 seats in parliament.
If Fico can keep the coalition together, it is likely to still face a test as opposition parties are readying a no-confidence motion. They need 76 votes to topple the government, meaning defectors could be costly.