Belgian PM relaunches government as minority after ally quits

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel (C) and new Belgian Government 'Michel II' speaks at a press conference after a Minister Council in Brussels, Belgium, 9 December 2018. [Stephanie Lecocq/EPA/EFE]

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel relaunched his government on Sunday (9 December) as a minority administration after the biggest party in his coalition quit in a dispute over signing the UN migration compact.

Michel met King Philippe to remould his government as a three-party coalition of his French-speaking liberal MR and two Flemish parties, the center-right CD&V and Open VLD, after the departure of the Flemish N-VA following four years together.

Global Migration Pact puts Belgian ruling coalition in jeopardy

The future of Belgium’s coalition government has come under threat after Prime Minister Charles Michel said he would sign the UN Global Migration Compact in Marrakesh on 10 December, despite opposition from his coalition partner, the Flemish right-wing N-VA party.

With a federal election due anyway in late May, together with the European elections, many observers see no immediate need for an early vote.

Michel told a news conference with his remaining ministers that the government would focus in the remaining months on the economy, defending Belgium’s interests ahead of Brexit, security and climate change.

He also said he would speak with members of parliament to see how his minority government, with just 52 of 150 seats, could proceed, without saying which other parties he saw as potential allies.

The N-VA’s exit left Michel with three ministerial posts to fill, along with portfolios, such as immigration, held by N-VA’s two state secretaries.

Alexander De Croo, one of the deputy prime ministers, will become finance minister, Pieter De Crem, a former defence minister, becomes interior minister, while foreign minister Didier Reynders will add defence to his portfolio

The right-wing N-VA, which is the biggest party in parliament, pulled its ministers from the coalition after Michel refused its demand that he not sign the UN migration compact in Marrakesh on Monday, in a move critics see as an opening shot in the election campaign.

Michel had secured a large parliamentary majority last week in favor of maintaining Belgium’s support of the United Nations text, with support from the opposition socialists and greens.

Since it was agreed by all UN states bar the United States in July, the text has run into criticism from European politicians who say it could increase immigration to Europe.

Slovakia becomes 8th EU country to oppose global migration pact

All Visegrad countries have now rejected the United Nations pact on the treatment of migrants worldwide, after Slovak Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini on Sunday (25 November) announced his country’s position after the EU summit.

The N-VA risks electoral losses in its Dutch-speaking region to the harder-right, anti-immigration Vlaams Belang. Its leader Bart De Wever issued Michel an ultimatum that it would quit the government if he signed the non-binding UN declaration.

Several EU states – mostly in formerly Communist eastern Europe – have already shunned the accord to regulate the treatment of migrants worldwide, a sign of how the bloc has turned increasingly restrictive on accepting refugees and migrants alike since a 2015 spike in arrivals.

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