Exit polls showing Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte (VVD) far ahead of Geert Wilders and his Freedom Party (PVV) were greeted with relief in Brussels yesterday night (15 March), amid fears of a surge in populism in Europe, with elections in France and Germany still to come in 2017.
“It appears that the VVD (People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy) will be the biggest party in the Netherlands for the third time in a row,” a beaming Rutte told cheering supporters at a post-election party in The Hague. “Tonight we’ll celebrate a little.”
— Julius van de Laar (@juliusvandelaar) March 15, 2017
Rutte received congratulatory messages from European leaders and spoke with some by telephone.
“It is also an evening in which the Netherlands, after Brexit, after the American elections, said ‘stop’ to the wrong kind of populism,” he said.
EU Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker hailed a “vote against extremists” after Rutte appeared to beat far-right rival Geert Wilders in elections, his spokesman said.
“Juncker just spoke with Rutte, congratulated him on clear victory: ‘A vote for Europe, a vote against extremists’,” Commission spokesman Margaritis Schinas tweeted.
— Margaritis Schinas (@MargSchinas) March 15, 2017
“Common sense strikes back,” one senior European source told AFP on condition of anonymity.
The double shock of Britain’s Brexit vote and the election of US President Donald Trump “makes the EU an anchor of stability and reason in a world of craziness”, the source added.
The electoral result in the Netherlands is a real blow for all Anti-Europeans. Good news for Europe! #DutchElections 2/2
— Manfred Weber (@ManfredWeber) March 15, 2017
European Parliament spokesman Jaume Duch meanwhile tweeted “2016 is not 2017” after the Dutch exit poll came through.
Wilders said he had not achieved the electoral victory he had hoped for and was ready to offer tough opposition.
“I would rather have been the largest party…. but we are not a party that has lost. We gained seats. That’s a result to be proud of,” Wilder told journalists.
With 55% of votes counted, Rutte’s VVD Party was projected to win 32 of parliament’s 150 seats, down from 41 at the last vote in 2012. Wilders was in a three-way tie for second on 19 seats with the Christian Democrat CDA and centrist Democrats 66, data provided by the ANP news agency showed.
— Hala Gorani (@HalaGorani) March 15, 2017
At 81%, turnout was the highest in 30 years in an election that was a test of whether the Dutch wanted to end decades of liberalism and choose a nationalist, anti-immigrant path by voting for Wilders and his promise to “de-Islamicise” the Netherlands and quit the European Union.
— Europe Elects (@EuropeElects) March 15, 2017
The result was a relief to mainstream parties across Europe, particularly in France and Germany, where right-wing nationalists hope to make a big impact in elections this year, potentially posing an existential threat to the EU.
Far-right candidate Marine Le Pen is set to make France’s presidential election run-off in May, while eurosceptic, anti-immigrant Alternative for Germany (AfD) is likely to enter the German federal parliament for the first time in a September election by crossing the Bundestag’s 5% threshold..
German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s chief of staff, Peter Altmaier, could not restrain his joy, tweeting: “The Netherlands, oh the Netherlands you are a champion!….. Congratulations on this great result.”
France’s Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault tweeted: “Congratulations to the Dutch for stemming the rise of the far-right.”
The exit polls helped the euro rise to its highest against the dollar since 7 February.
Real bellwether is France
But Mabel Berezin, professor of sociology at Cornell University in the United States, said defeat for Wilders, who has been in parliament for nearly two decades, should not be considered a sign that European populism is waning.
“He does not represent a populist wave. Rather, he is part of the political landscape and how his party fares does not tell us much about European populism,” she said.
“The real bellwether election will be Marine Le Pen’s quest for the French presidency, starting 23 April – that is where the populist action is and that is what we should be focusing upon.”
Rutte got a last-minute boost from a diplomatic row with Turkey, which allowed him to take a tough line on a majority Muslim country during an election campaign in which immigration and integration have been key issues.
The spat did not hurt the chances of Denk, a party supported by Dutch Turks, which looked set to win three seats, becoming the first ever ethnic minority party in parliament, in a possible sign of deepening ethnic division.
But while Rutte averted what in the early stages of the campaign looked like a possible victory for Wilders, years of austerity pushed down his share of the vote. His junior partner in the outgoing coalition, Labour, suffered its worst ever result, winning just nine seats, down from 38 last time.
That means it will likely take months for Rutte to negotiate a ruling coalition, with at least three other parties needed to reach a majority in parliament.
— VoteWatch Europe (@VoteWatchEurope) March 15, 2017
Wilders, whose Party for Freedom (PVV) is projected to increase its parliamentary seats to 19 from the 15 won in 2012, tweeted: “We won seats! The first victory is in! And Rutte has not seen the last of me yet!!”
The result is well down from his 2010 high of 24 seats while support for the two most pro-EU parties, the progressive D66 and GreenLeft, was way up.
A very disappointing result for my PvdA. But the vast majority of voters rejected the extreme populists. Which gives hope for the future.
— Jeroen Dijsselbloem (@J_Dijsselbloem) March 15, 2017