Dutch referendum to question Ukraine’s EU association

Anti-Wilders sticker. Brussels, April 2015. [Joel Schalit/Flickr]

A Dutch website said on Sunday (27 September) that it had garnered enough signatures to force the Netherlands to hold a non-binding referendum on the EU’s association agreement with Ukraine.

GeenStijl, a satirical news website known for its irreverent and raucous takes on controversial subjects ranging from Islam to immigration, said it had collected more than 440,000 signatures – far more than the 300,000 needed under Dutch law to trigger such a vote.

Opponents say the treaty will cost Dutch taxpayers billions of euros and that the EU’s expansion driver is having an adverse impact on democracy in the Netherlands. They also argue that the Dutch parliament no longer does what its own voters want, but are driven by Brussels’ own interests.

“YOU did it, out of love for democracy in the Netherlands and Europe, and to send a signal to The Hague and Brussels,” the website told its readers in a post on Sunday evening. Any referendum is likely to be held during the Dutch presidency of the European Union, which starts in January.

Though the signatures must still be vetted for authenticity and eligibility by electoral authorities, the unexpected scale of interest is seen as an unwelcome challenge to the broadly pro-EU consensus in The Hague, even if it is unlikely to have any impact on Dutch government policy.

A founding member of the 28-member bloc, the Netherlands has in recent years cooled on European integration, amid controversies about immigration from poorer new members in Eastern Europe, and electoral successes by the anti-EU Freedom Party of right-wing populist Geert Wilders.

Nigel Farage, the leader of Britain’s UKIP, which wants an EU exit, welcomed the GeenStijl announcement.

“This push for a Dutch referendum shows that many peoples across Europe, not just the British, are tired of the EU forcing laws, expenses and migrants onto them without their consent,” he said in a statement.

The website, which has a broadly anti-EU editorial line, said it chose the association agreement as a subject for a referendum simply because it was an EU-related topic eligible for a vote under Dutch electoral law.

But it also argued that the agreement, under which the EU will provide help and financial aid to Ukraine in return for it implementing economic and political reforms, is a major step towards membership for the East European country, which is fighting a war against Russian-backed separatists in its East.

“Have you ever been asked what you think of such an expansion of the EU?” asked the website.

The Netherlands’ relationship with Moscow has been badly strained by the shooting down of an airliner with 298 people on board last year over eastern Ukraine, two thirds of whom were Dutch. 

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