Matteo Renzi easily regained the leadership of Italy’s ruling Democratic Party (PD) on Sunday (30 April) with an overwhelming victory in a primary election among party supporters, less than five months after resigning as the country’s prime minister.
According to partial results, Renzi secured about 72% of the vote, held in makeshift polling booths around the country. About 2 million party members voted in the primary.
Justice Minister Andrea Orlando took 19% and Michele Emiliano, governor of the southern region of Puglia, managed 9%.
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Both of Renzi’s opponents, as well as Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni, called to congratulate him and he gave a long victory speech at party headquarters.
“Forward together,” the former mayor of Florence said to applause.
Renzi, 42, resigned as prime minister in December after a crushing defeat in a referendum over constitutional reforms aimed at streamlining lawmaking. He was replaced by Gentiloni, his foreign minister, but he quickly began planning a comeback.
With a national vote due by May 2018, polls show the ruling PD has slipped behind the anti-establishment 5-Star Movement, which questions the country’s euro membership. Renzi’s ability to counter the 5-Star surge may be crucial to fending off an existential threat to the euro zone.
However, under Italy’s proportional representation voting system, no party currently looks likely to win enough seats in parliament to govern alone.
Renzi, with his confrontational leadership style, has become a divisive figure, and there is no guarantee he would be named prime minister of a future coalition government even if the PD were to win the most votes during the election.
While Renzi remains the most popular politician among PD voters, the party and his own appeal look much weaker than during his heyday as prime minister, after he failed to convert his ambitious reform agenda into reality.
Renzi’s current personal approval rating is about half of the 50% he posted three years ago, according to the Ixe polling institute.
Polls show 5-Star now has around 30% of the vote and a lead of between 3 and 8 percentage points over the PD after a dispute between Renzi’s loyalists and left-wing traditionalists caused a party split in February.
“I voted for Renzi because he’s got more drive and determination than the others, but I’m not convinced he’ll get back into government,” said computer engineer Luigi Mancini, a PD supporter in Rimini on the Adriatic coast.
“With the (proportional representation) voting system we’ve got, it seems unlikely that anyone will get a majority,” he added.
When Renzi resigned last December he created the InCammino movement, the French translation of which is En Marche, the same as the movement founded in April 2016 by Emmanuel Macron, current frontrunner in France’s presidential election.
Macron yesterday congratulated Renzi. “Together, let’s change Europe with all the progressives”, he tweeted.