Romania scraps decree decriminalising graft as mass protests persist

Protesters hold an EU flag during a demonstration in Bucharest, 5 February. [Reuters]

Romania’s Social Democrat government yesterday (5 February) annulled a decree that would have decriminalised some graft offences, an embarrassing u-turn for the country’s new prime minister after week-long mass protests and international rebuke.

The government also declassified the transcript of debates during Tuesday’s (31 January) cabinet meeting when the decree that would have shielded dozens of politicians from prosecution was actually approved.

Romanians stage biggest protests since the fall of communism

Hundreds of thousands of people hit the streets across Romania on Wednesday (1 February) to protest the government’s decriminalising of a string of corruption offences, the largest demonstrations since the fall of communism in 1989.

It said the decree was a bid to relieve pressure on the prison system but Romanians were furious, holding the biggest mass protests in the country since 1989, when the Communist regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu was ousted in a bloody revolution.

A day after Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu said he did not want to divide Romania, his cabinet held an emergency meeting to scrap the decree as tens of thousands of demonstrators outside chanted “Thieves, thieves” and “Re-sig-na-tion, Re-sig-na-tion”.

Among the 220,000 protesters in the central Piata Victoriei square, one dressed as 15th century Romanian ruler Vlad Țepeș – notorious for impaling Turks and thieves on wooden stakes and whose life inspired the fictional character Dracula – held a banner reading: “Did you miss me?”.

A giant laser plastered the words “Do Not Give Up” and “Resignation,” on the facade of the building housing the headquarters of government and the prime minister’s office.

The decree had been seen by critics as the biggest retreat on reforms since Romania joined the European Union in 2007. It would have exempted abuse-of-power offences involving sums below 200,000 lei (€44,000) from prosecution – shielding hundreds of officials from justice.

Liviu Dragnea, leader of the ruling Social Democrat party, said the prime minister would hold talks with his justice minister and decide whether or not to sack him.

The decree could have put an end to the trial of Dragnea, who is barred from political office because of an electoral fraud conviction and viewed by many as the real power behind Grindeanu’s government.

Romanian minister sentenced for 2012 attempt to impeach Basescu

Romania’s regional development minister was convicted today (15 May) of masterminding a campaign to use bribes and forged ballot papers to swing an impeachment vote against the former president Traian B?sescu in 2012.

Among the decree’s chief critics was President Klaus Iohannis, who joined one anti-corruption rally two weeks ago and repeatedly urged the government to scrap the measure.

On Sunday a small group of pro-government protesters in front of his presidential palace denounced him as a “traitor”.

Germany and the United States were among nine western powers that had expressed concern that the decree could undermine Romania’s partnerships in the EU and NATO.

In neighbouring Bulgaria, dozens of people gathered outside the Romanian embassy in Sofia to voice support for the mass protests. Banners read “Unite against corruption,” and “Romania, Bulgaria supports you.”

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