Socialists call for isolation of extremist parties

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The Party of European Socialists (PES) called last week (15 October) on all political parties to agree to a proposed code of conduct, which prohibits electoral alliances with any party from inciting ethnic prejudices and racial hatred.

The PES move is largely seen as a response to the recent formation of a Dutch minority government which has the implicit backing of Geert Wilders' right-wing populist party PVV.

The PVV does not participate in the cabinet, but the liberal-conservative coalition led by Prime Minister Mark Rutte has a written agreement with the party which guarantees it a say in policy formulation.

Announcing his cooperation pact with the new government this month, Wilders said Rutte's cabinet would introduce a burqa ban and cut immigration by half.

The PES also expresses its deep concern over electoral trends of the extreme-right in Austria, Sweden and Hungary (see 'Background').

According to the Socialists, recent statements by so-called mainstream politicians are sending a dangerous and insidious signal that such extreme views are acceptable.

Recent comments by French centre-right politicians on the Roma question, by Italian leaders who have come to their aid, by German regional leaders on the very idea of immigration and the acceptance of extremist support for a ruling coalition in the Netherlands have only exacerbated the situation, the statement reads.

Referring to recent events in the Netherlands, PES President Poul Nyrup Rasmussen said that unfortunately, some "mixed signals" had caused concern in recent months.

"We hope that this PES 'code of conduct' will act as a spur for other European parties to act in a principled way," he added.

Socialists no saints either

However, Socialists cannot claim to be immune to racism or xenophobia. Thilo Sarrazin, a Social Democrat politician and board member of the German Federal Bank, published last August a book in which he deplored the lack of intellectual performance by some ethnic groups in Germany and Muslims in particular.

The centre-left SDP party is now trying to get Sarrazin expelled. He has already lost his job at the Federal bank.

Even worse, in Slovakia, the former government of Robert Fico, the leader of SMER, a socialist-affiliated party, was in coalition with extremist party SNS of Jn Slota, the latter being known for his inflammatory anti-gipsy and anti-Hungarian rhetoric. Fico's SMER is now in opposition.

The PES calls for condemnation of all racist, xenophobic, discriminatory or nationalistic statements or actions and warns against joining ruling coalitions or electoral alliances with parties that incite ethnic prejudices and racial hatred at European or national level.

It also calls on mainstream parties to refuse support from such parties to form a government, preventing another Netherlands-like scenario.

Furthermore, the PES fights against legitimising the discourses of such parties by refusing to engage in their terms of the debate and not taking up their ideas in its political platforms or in the policies it implements when in government.

This more general appeal could be seen as a reproach of recent policies by the French authorities to expel Roma to their native Bulgaria and Romania.

The PES also calls for the isolation of members of mainstream parties who do not respect these principles.

Sources contacted by EURACTIV gave different interpretations of the PES statement. One said that it would be wrong to see it as anything more than an attempt to make their centre-right opponents feel uncomfortable.

But another knowledgeable source said the Socialists feared a scenario in which the centre-right party of a major EU country would enter into a coalition with a far-right force. Such a move would at first constitute a shock, but then open the door for similar alliances in many EU countries and change the face of Europe, the source said.

Vienna city elections on 10 October saw the populist right wing FP (previously Jorg Haider's party) secure 27% (double its score in the previous poll). The ruling social democrats, who obtained 42%, refused to make a coalition with them.

In Sweden, following last month's elections, the far-right Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna), a party with a strong anti-immigrant and Eurosceptic rhetoric, holds the balance of power. Outgoing Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt's four-party 'Alliance' coalition won the election with 49% of the vote, and on 5 October formed a minority government.

Analysts have warned that the success of centre-right Fidesz in Hungary, combined with the rise of far-right party Jobbik, known for its anti-Semitic and anti-Roma statements and for its resemblance to former Fascist movements, could spell "real danger" for the country. Although Fidesz has absolute majority in parliament, extremists are seen as influencing the more mainstream party, pushing it towards nationalism.

In Bulgaria, Boyko Borissov, leader of the centre-right party GERB, leads a minority government tacitly supported by Ataka, a nationalist, xenophobic and homophobic party.

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