Spain’s Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez on Wednesday unveiled a new pro-EU government with the most women in modern history, with 11 female and six male ministers.
The new executive composed by the 46-year-old, who ousted conservative veteran Mariano Rajoy as prime minister last Friday in a no-confidence vote, includes astronaut Pedro Duque as science minister.
Astronaut Pedro Duque named Spain's science minister https://t.co/mloOidh8F6
— BBC News (World) (@BBCWorld) June 6, 2018
EU budget manager Nadia Calviño will become economy minister and former European parliament president Josep Borrell foreign minister.
Sánchez said his executive was “a reflection of the best in society” — a society he described as composed of women and men, old and young, rooted in the European Union.
But it is also a minority government, as the Socialists only have 84 lawmakers in the 350-seat parliament.
As such, the government will have a tough time governing Spain, relying as it will on the votes of far-left party Podemos as well as Basque and Catalan nationalist lawmakers who supported his no-confidence motion.
Former judges, prosecutors
The new executive includes two veteran Socialists — Carmen Calvo, vice-president, and Borrell.
We are honoured with the appointment of Josep #Borrell, as minister of Foreign Affairs of Spain: Vice President of FEPS, Chair of our Scientific Council & remarkable pro European. This is a clear sign of the commitment of the new ES Government with a strong Progressive Europe pic.twitter.com/gdv2eFMJs9
— FEPS (@FEPS_Europe) June 6, 2018
Calvo, who was culture minister from 2004 to 2007, will also be in charge of equality, a priority for Sánchez’s government in a country where women staged an unprecedented strike to defend their rights on 8 March.
Anti-terror prosecutor Dolores Delgado will be justice minister, former Supreme Court judge Margarita Robles defence minister, and other women have been put in charge of education, employment or health.
DOLORES DELGADO.FISCAL.MINISTRA DE JUSTICIA pic.twitter.com/u240Q5yGKf
— ENRIQUE SANCHEZ (@ensata) June 7, 2018
Fernando Grande-Marlaska, a former judge at Spain’s top-level National Court, where he took on cases against Basque separatist group ETA, will head up the interior ministry.
Women will also lead the economic team of Sánchez’s government, whose “main priority” will be to respect Madrid’s deficit reduction commitments to the EU, the new prime minister has said.
Spain has promised to reduce its deficit to 2.2% of GDP in 2018, thus finally going under the three percent limit set by Brussels.
The new economy minister will be Nadia Calviño, who is director general for budget at the European Commission and has a 12-year experience in high-level postings in Brussels.
Maria Jesus Montero, meanwhile, will become budget minister after playing a similar role at a regional level in southern Andalusia.
— JC Arny (@jc_karnak23) June 7, 2018
In the name of maintaining “stability,” Sánchez has also promised to implement the 2018 budget crafted by the previous conservative government.
Among the budget’s key measures are a one to three percent rise in the lowest pensions and a salary increase for civil servants, ahead of municipal, regional and European elections next year.
Catalans, astronaut, author
Sánchez’s new team, which the Socialist leader presented to King Felipe VI earlier Wednesday, also includes a minister in charge of science, innovation and universities.
And the man to take that role is Spain’s first astronaut Pedro Duque.
As Brexit gathers pace, and with Italy now led by a eurosceptic, populist government, Spain’s new executive is distinctly pro-EU.
Apart from Calviño’s appointment as economy minister — a move welcome by the EU Commission — Borrell was European parliament president between 2004 and 2007.
A Catalan who is fiercely against the independence movement in his home region, he will be tasked with defending his government’s commitment to Spanish unity abroad.
Borrell has said the previous conservative government was “very bad” when it came to public relations abroad on the Catalan separatist issue.
On a day-to-day basis, Meritxell Batet, another Catalan, has been put in charge of relations with Spain’s regions.
As such, she will have the prickly task of trying to ease the situation in her own deeply divided home region.
Finally, Maxim Huerta, an award-winning author, will become culture minister.