SPD limousine crashes into German election campaign


Campaigning for September’s national elections in Germany has not officially begun yet. But public outrage that has been raging since a government minister’s limousine was stolen during a holiday in Spain has already devastated the Social Democratic Party. EURACTIV Germany reports.

Unknown criminals in Spain have had the biggest impact on the pre-electoral battle in Germany so far. 

This was not the result of a clever ploy by strategists from the conservative or the liberal parties. Nor was it the masterplan of the Greens or the left-wing Die Linke. 

The big surprise was the revelation that Social Democrat Health Minister Ulla Schmidt had taken her official government limousine and chauffeur on holiday to Spain. 

The SDP later decided to omit Ulla Schmidt from their election campaign, even though she was in theory entitled to use the car and chauffeur for both official business and personal trips. 

But morally, Germans broadly believe it was inappropriate for the minister to fly to Spain while separately sending a Mercedes 5,000 kilometres south and keeping the driver on duty for two weeks, which were paid as overtime. 

Moreover, Schmidt failed to convince anyone that the two official appointments she had in Spain during her holiday – which were apparently of limited importance – served as an excuse for using the official car. 

‘S-Class Ulla’

Newspapers dubbed Schmidt ‘S-Class Ulla’ after the Mercedes model that disappeared in Spain. The news came as an embarrassment for the Social Democrats, who were busy portraying themselves as the better choice to lead the country out of the economic and financial crisis. 

With less than two months to go before the elections, the SPD is credited with as little as 23% of the predicted vote in recent opinion polls. 

For its part, the conservative CDU/CSU is steaming ahead, with 38%. The liberal FDP is polling at 13%, while the Greens are credited with 12% and the left-wing ‘Die Linke’ 9%. 

Another problem for the SDP is that their leader, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, has low approval ratings as a potential chancellor – only 17% think he is capable of governing the nation, according to opinion polls. The same poll credits Angela Merkel with 58% to stay on as chancellor. 

If these figures are confirmed in the September elections, the conservatives and the liberals could in theory oust the socialists from the government and form a coalition of their own, as they would jointly hold 51% of the vote. 

But most political observers are assuming that the Conservatives and Social Democrats would prefer to continue their cooperation and form a government for another four years. 

Guttenberg: The CSU’s rising star 

Meanwhile, the SPD is anxiously witnessing the rise of a new conservative star: Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, the new and youthful federal minister for economic affairs. 

At first, Guttenberg’s lack of experience seemed to offer a perfect target for SPD attacks on the conservative coalition. Indeed, Guttenberg is just 37 years old, an aristocrat and a member of the very conservative Bavarian CSU party. 

However, to the SPD’s horror, Guttenberg became the most popular politician in the grand coalition within a few months, even overtaking Chancellor Angela Merkel. 

Guttenberg’s bold positions on current issues – the financial crisis, the economic stimulus package and support for the Opel automotive group – won him praise for their straightforwardness, even if that led him to clash with other members of the government. 

Since then, many political observers have been admiring his self-assuredness. 

Far from offering them ammunition, the Guttenberg factor may thus represent a further disruption to the SPD’s campaign strategy. Steinmeier had to immediately stop his aggressive political attacks on the young man. 

Steinmeier wanted to open his electoral campaign ahead of time, so as to take Merkel’s party by surprise. But it was he who had been taken by surprise by recent developments, analysts said. 

In the meantime, the Spanish thieves, maybe assessing the extent of the damage they had caused, decided to return the car anonymously. But it may prove too late for the embattled SPD party. 

According to Manfred Guellner, CEO of Forsa, an  opinion institute, the Social Democrats' gloomy election prospects are not temporary but rather long-term. Guellner, who is from the SPD himself, calls his party's situation "catastrophic". 

Speaking to journalists in Berlin, Guellner said the party had failed to understand the seriousness of the political situation it is in. He added that the SPD had no reserve of young talent or charismatic leaders, and that it had lost its long-standing tradition of having a power base in urban regions. In many of the major cities, the SPD was now in third place, behind the Conservatives and Greens, Guellner said. 

The analyst also highlighted a problem perhaps common to many European centre-left parties: despite the economic and financial crisis, the Social Democrats are struggling to find "winning" campaign issues. 

"They could not profit from the collapse of capitalism at all. The voters do not think SPD is capable of making better economic policies," Guellner said. 

The centre-left Social Democratic Party (SPD) could be described as the loser of the 7 June European elections in Germany. The party obtained 20.8% of the vote, compared to 30.7% for Chancellor Angela Merkel's centre-right CDU, with the other centre-right party CSU obtaining 7.2%. The Greens scored well with 12.1%, leftists Die Linke obtained 7.5% and the Liberal Free Democratic Party scored 11%. 

In comparison, the SPD took 34.2% of the vote in the 2005 federal elections, while the CDU won 27.8%, the CSU 7.4%, the Greens 8.1%, the Left party 8.7% and the Free Democratic Party 9.8%. Since then, Germany has been ruled by a "grand coalition" regrouping the CDU, CSU and SPD, which is led by Merkel. 

At this year's European elections, Merkel's challenger, Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier (SPD), faced a dilemma: he needed to highlight policy differences with Merkel without attacking her policies too openly, since he was part of the same government (EURACTIV 26/05/09). 

During the European election campaign, Merkel's conservatives have stressed their opposition to Turkey's EU membership (EURACTIV 11/05/09), but also promised tax relief and highlighted their reliability in managing the economy. 

Subscribe to our newsletters