With the new German parliament likely to be more fragmented after the federal election on Sunday (September 26), several small parties are preparing themselves to play a kingmaker role in the subsequent coalition-building talks.
While the Social Democrats are to become the largest party in the Bundestag, according to recent polls, gathering the most voters may not necessarily translate into clinching the chancellorship.
The liberal FDP has already made it crystal clear that they would prefer a coalition with the conservative CDU/CSU, even if they come out second in the election.
“The race for first place is interesting but not essential for building a coalition,” FDP party leader Christian Lindner told the Bild am Sonntag and emphasised that what matters is putting together a majority in the Bundestag.
The CDU/CSU has already jumped on the bandwagon, with the prime minister of the state of Hesse, Volker Bouffier, stating that the party will push to build a coalition under their leadership even if they lose the election to the Social Democrats.
Should this become reality, it would likely take the shape of a so-called ‘Jamaica-coalition’ between the CDU/CSU, the Greens and the FDP.
Such a constellation was on the table after the 2017 German federal election only to be torpedoed by the FDP who complained of being sidelined during the talks.
This time around the FDP seems better prepared, especially as Lindner and CDU/CSU candidate Armin Laschet share a warm relationship and have already governed together in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
However, the FDP is not the only potential kingmaker in town. Recent polls suggest that a coalition on the left, with the SPD, the Greens and the Left party, is also in the realm of possibilities.
While the leftist Die Linke was long deemed to be unfit for office, Lindner’s hesitancy to openly commit to a coalition with the Greens and the SPD has opened the door for such an option.
However, such a coalition would cause many headaches for the SPD and the Greens.
Firstly, Die Linke wants to abolish NATO and is advocating for a rapprochement towards Russia. Both the Greens and the SPD have signalled repeatedly that an unconditional commitment to NATO is a precondition for any coalition talks.
But even if the Left party agreed to drop their radical stance on foreign policy for the sake of government, a coalition with them could risk alienating the more conservative swing voters who have switched from the CDU/CSU to the Greens and the SPD.
However, the mere possibility of a coalition on the left is increasing the pressure on the FDP to be more open for talks with the SPD and the Greens.
But the hurdles for this remain high, as the parties’ stances on economic and fiscal policy are miles apart.
In an interview with RTL, Lindner said he currently “lacks the imaginary power” for such a coalition to take shape.
With so many potential coalitions on the table, and given the differences among the parties, the road to forming a new government will likely be long and winding. In time for Christmas? Our guess is as good as yours.
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Last but not least, check out this week’s edition of our Green Brief to stay on top of environment and energy news.
Look out for…
- Green Deal executive vice-president Frans Timmermans visits Washington, D.C. to discuss climate change with US lawmakers.
- Energy commissioner Kadri Simson attends the Partnership for Transatlantic Energy and Climate Cooperation meeting in Warsaw.
- Financial services commissioner Mairead McGuinness travels to London to discuss the post-COVID financial system.
- Economic commissioner Paolo Gentiloni speaks at launch event of the new SDG Alliance in the European Parliament.
- Young elected politicians meet with Committee of the Regions regarding “cohesion as a value” for young people in Europe.
Views are the author’s
[Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic]