Fluorinated gases

The 2014 F-gas regulation, a worldwide pioneer, established a quota system for the volume of HFCs that can be placed on the EU market annually, and a timeline for progressively phasing them down. [Hitra / Shutterstock]

F-gases, a family of refrigerants commonly used in fridges and air conditioners, are being phased out in order to prevent global warming from spinning out of control. But efforts to gradually ban the refrigerant have also created a thriving black market, which the European Union is struggling to contain.

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