According to the European Commission, renewable and low-carbon hydrogen is a key building block towards a climate-neutral and zero-pollution economy in 2050, by replacing most fossil fuels and feedstock. It can contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions ahead of 2030 and to a green recovery of the EU economy.
Renewable and low-carbon hydrogen also offers a unique opportunity for EU research and innovation, maintaining and expanding Europe’s technological leadership in these technologies, and creating economic growth and jobs across the full value chain and across the Union. It also offers a chance to manufacture and deploy clean energy technology here in the EU.
Gas advocates argue that biomethane, green hydrogen and synthetic gases should be seen as a crucial part of the EU’s long-term energy security as they are renewable and easily transported and stored. Taking into consideration the different needs of different countries, renewable and low-carbon gas can be used to power vehicles, it can be injected in gas networks for heat, or it can serve for producing electricity. Additionally, biogas can have a positive impact in the agricultural sector.
The demand for renewable and low-carbon methane and hydrogen and their end-uses will have important implications for gas networks. The future role of the EU gas market and infrastructure may be determined by the ability of the sector to decarbonise and to switch to low- and zero-carbon forms of gas.
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