The EU in the night to Friday (20 June) stepped up its rhetoric over Turkey’s “illegal” drilling for oil and gas off Cyprus, raising the threat of sanctions if Ankara refuses to back down.
The discovery of huge gas reserves in the eastern Mediterranean has fuelled a race to tap underwater resources and triggered a dispute between Turkey and EU member Cyprus, which also plans to ramp up its exploratory activities in the area.
As Turkey sent a new ship to search for hydrocarbons off the coast of EU member Cyprus, the bloc repeated its condemnation of Ankara’s “illegal drilling activities”.
The 28 EU leaders meeting at a summit in Brussels said they “deplored that Turkey has not yet responded to the EU’s repeated calls to cease such activities”.
Earlier this week EU states tasked the European Commission, the bloc’s executive, with preparing “appropriate measures” to hit back at Turkey. On Thursday they went further, brandishing the threat of sanctions against individuals and companies involved in the drilling.
“The European Council endorses the invitation to the Commission and the EEAS (the EU’s foreign service) to submit options for appropriate measures without delay, including targeted measures,” the leaders said.
“The EU will continue to closely monitor developments and stands ready to respond appropriately and in full solidarity with Cyprus.”
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker warned Ankara it could expect tough action.
“What Turkey is doing in the territorial waters of Cyprus is totally unacceptable,” Juncker told reporters after the summit in the early hours of Friday.
“The commission has been charged to propose measures to be taken as soon as possible when it comes to this conflict and we’ll do so, and these will not be soft measures.”
Diplomatic sources told EURACTIV that specific people could be sanctioned.
Speaking before the summit, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov said he was concerned by the state of relations between Greece, Turkey and Cyprus.
“This sabre-rattling is not good […] But we will insist, in the European Council, for Turkey, Cyprus and Greece to find a diplomatic way, based on international law and the Law of the Sea, to find a solution to this issue.
Turkey says its actions abide by international law and that it is drilling inside its continental shelf. But the country is not under legal obligation by the Law of the Sea.
EU top diplomat Federica Mogherini met with Greek Premier Alexis Tsipras before the summit, and told him that the EU executive had already started drafting “targeted measures” against Turkey that will be submitted to EU member states’ approval. According to diplomatic sources, Tsipras made the point that Europe couldn’t remain silent when the sovereignty of an EU member state is being violated.
Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades expressed his satisfaction about the EU’s support, saying he was committed to “a creative dialogue to find a functional, lasting and sustainable solution to the Cyprus problem”.
Greek media reported that France and Italy fully supported the EU summit statement on Cyprus, while Germany and the Netherlands expressed divergences over the wording.
[With additional reporting by Sarantis Michalopoulos]