Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić has won Serbia’s presidential election in the first round, nearly complete official results showed yesterday (3 April). The EU said his election was “a vote of confidence” showing that the people of Serbia fully endorse the EU path.
Vučić won about 55% of Sunday’s vote, clearing the 50% threshold required to win in the first round, according to results released by the electoral commission based on more than 90% of polling stations.
Two obstacles for EU membership talks, started in 2014, seem to have been removed.
Vučić’s predecessor Tomislav Nikolić, a pro-Russian member of Vučić’s own Serbian Progressive Party (SNS), is likely to retire from political life.
And ultranationalist Vojislav Šešelj, who was burning European flags to show his opposition to Serbia’s EU bid, won less than 5% of the vote.
But Vučić, a 47-year-old hardline nationalist turned pro-European, still has to overcome the reluctance of a large chunk of his electorate who remain attached to historic ties with Moscow and have little enthusiasm for joining the EU.
Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker tweeted that Vučić’s election “is a vote of confidence showing that the people of Serbia fully endorse the EU path”.
— Jean-Claude Juncker (@JunckerEU) April 3, 2017
Political analyst Jadranka Jelincić noted that EU membership talks “require notably changes to the constitution and maybe new prerogatives for the president”.
He has, however, a little time to win around support, with the next major electoral challenge – parliamentary elections – not due until 2020.
In the meantime, “we will see a sort of ‘presidentialisation’ in Serbia”, independent analyst Boban Stojanović predicted.
“I expect Vučić will have the final say in all decisions.”
Analysts suggest Vučić’s replacement as prime minister – a post he has held since 2014 – will have to be someone who he trusts would lead the government in the same political direction.
“The vast majority of Serbia’s citizens are for the continuation of reform, for Serbia to keep to its European path and maintain the links that we have with Russia and China,” a thrilled Vučić said late Sunday.
Balkans specialist Loic Tregoures said in an analysis published by The Conversation website that “Vučić also expects to be the president who will lead Serbia into the European Union, which is a plausible hypothesis around 2022” when his mandate will expire.
Aleksandar Vučić was Milošević' minister for information when journos got killed and wore a Šešelj badge as late as 2008. Ppl never change
— Loïc Tregoures (@LTregoures) April 2, 2017
Both Russian President Vladimir Putin and EU Enlargement Commissioner Johannes Hahn congratulated Vučić on Monday.
Putin said Vučić’s victory “testifies to the wide support for your efforts aimed at resolving current economic and social problems… and pursuing a constructive, balanced foreign policy”, according to a Kremlin statement.
Hahn meanwhile said in a tweet: “Looking forward to working with new president as partners and friends on EU accession.”
— Johannes Hahn (@JHahnEU) April 2, 2017
Vučić “has been presenting himself as a pro-European ever since he took power, and gave significant signs of his involvement, such as the 2013 Belgrade-Pristina agreement” on normalisation of ties with Kosovo, Tregoures said.
Unlike most EU members, Serbia refuses to recognise the independence of Kosovo, its former province populated mostly by ethnic Albanians, declared in 2008.
Normalisation of ties between Belgrade and Pristina is key for the path to EU accession.
With Belgrade currently negotiating judicial and fundamental rights with Brussels, no EU official voiced reserve over Vučić’s campaign despite opposition claims that he is authoritarian and controls the media with an iron fist.
After his win, Serbia’s divided opposition seems weak.
Sasa Janković, an independent candidate supported by the centre-left Democratic Party, placed second with just 16% of the vote, garnering support from the urban middle class and liberals opposed to Vučić, in large part by criticising the authorities and insisting on their accountability.
Despite Vučić’s convincing victory, hundreds of protesters – many of them students – took to the streets of Belgrade on Monday night to denounce him, shouting “Vučić, thief!” and “You’re not my president”.
Students and liberals in #Balkans feels like anyone who fought for justice when ICTY released Haradinaj, Šešelj and so many others: betrayed
— Loïc Tregoures (@LTregoures) April 3, 2017
A fresh protest has been called for Tuesday night, while similar demonstrations took place on Monday in the city of Novi Sad to the north and Nis to the south.