Montenegro’s six-time prime minister Milo Djukanović, who dominated politics in the tiny Balkan nation for decades before stepping down in 2016, announced his comeback Monday (19 March) by saying he will run for president in next month’s vote.
Pro-Western Djukanović rose to prominence in the twilight years of communist Yugoslavia and served six terms as premier and once as president before quitting politics for a third time two years ago.
The only guy around in Europe that was also several times PM and may become a second time President, and beats Putin in the number of years in power is #Montenegro Milo #Đukanović (#Putin 17, #Djukanovic 28) he just confirmed he is running again https://t.co/ERvk2USMmj https://t.co/62wwPsUWkJ
— Srdjan Cvijic (@srdjancvijic) March 19, 2018
He led the country for 25 years and he’s back again, but he is no friend of Putin, so there will be few questions asked. https://t.co/kXNVeyPa4X
— Leonid Ragozin (@leonidragozin) March 19, 2018
His resignation followed the narrowest-ever victory of his Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) in a parliamentary vote marred by allegations of a failed coup attempt allegedly aimed at preventing Montenegro from joining NATO.
Djukanović was succeeded by one of his allies Duško Marković, former national security chief.
“This decision is the expression of my responsibility towards the legacy and needs of Montenegro’s future development,” Djukanović, 56, told reporters Monday after the DPS’ main board unanimously backed his candidacy for the 15 April vote.
His main opponent will be businessman Mladen Bojanić, supported by the opposition pro-Russian Democratic Front, Democrats of Montenegro and Citizen’s movement URA.
The three parties polled in January as having 37% among voters.
PM at 29
Born in the central town of Niksić in 1962, Djukanović is an economist by training who rose rapidly through the communist party ranks in the 1980s, becoming a youth leader and winning over old-time party members.
As the volatile region teetered on the brink of war in February 1991, he became prime minister at the tender age of 29.
At the time France was led by Francois Mitterrand, Britain by John Major and Germany by Helmut Kohl, while the Soviet Union still existed.
When Yugoslavia disintegrated in a series of bloody conflicts in the early 1990s as other republics declared their independence, Djukanović backed Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević.
But in 1996 he took the decisive step to break ranks with hardliners in the rump Yugoslav federation — made up of just Serbia and Montenegro.
He became one of the fiercest critics of the Milošević regime and an advocate of independence.
Elected president in 1998, Djukanović shed his old communist-era ideology and opened the country to the outside world.
He has since won praise for guiding the Adriatic state to NATO membership and the doorstep of the European Union, but he has also found himself at the centre of corruption allegations.
Djukanović was named as a suspect in an Italian enquiry into 1990s cigarette smuggling but repeatedly denied the allegations against him.
The case was eventually dropped in 2009 because he enjoyed diplomatic immunity.
Seen as a dynamic reformist by some and an authoritarian leader by others, Djukanović led Montenegro’s peaceful break-up from Serbia — its often-troubled partner for around 90 years — in 2006.
He encouraged a strong flow of Russian investment — notably in real estate — after independence, but he has since become more committed to closer ties with Western countries.
Montenegro, home to some 620,000 people, opened EU membership talks in 2012 and became a NATO member five years later.
The current head of state is Filip Vujanović.