Long-reigning President Milo Djukanovic’s pro-Western ruling party suffered a major setback in Montenegro’s tightly contested parliamentary election, final results showed on Monday (31 August). The party won most votes but fell short of a majority and will require a coalition partner to stay in power.
The Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS), which has governed the tiny Adriatic republic for three decades, secured 35.06% of votes in Sunday’s poll, the state election commission said, based on the completed preliminary vote count.
An alliance of mainly Serb nationalist parties named For the Future of Montenegro, which seeks closer ties with neighbouring Serbia and with Russia, won 32.55% and a centrist grouping also opposed to the DPS, Peace is our Nation, got 12.53% of the vote.
The outcome is a disappointment for Djukanovic, who has steered Montenegro through the bloody collapse of Yugoslavia in the 1990s and the dissolution of a joint state with Serbia in 2006 and then took his country into NATO in 2017.
The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe said Montenegro’s elections were “efficiently managed, but abuse of state resources gave the ruling party unfair advantage”.
#Montenegro’s parliamentary elections efficiently managed, but abuse of state resources gave ruling party unfair advantage, international observers say ➡️ https://t.co/7B6drDxGJ6 @MCederfelt pic.twitter.com/KNDq7saK68
— OSCE PA (@oscepa) August 31, 2020
Trying to strike an upbeat note, Djukanovic told his supporters late on Sunday that the DPS, as the largest party, could secure 40 deputies in the 81-seat parliament with the help of smaller parties, but that is still one short of a majority.
“The regime has fallen,” said the leader of the pro-Serb opposition alliance, Zdravko Krivokapic, told his supporters.
“A new day in free Montenegro has started,” added Krivokapic, a university professor.
Montenegrins who identify as Serbs account for about a third of the 620,000-strong population. Most Montenegrins and Serbs share a language and the Orthodox Christian faith, and many Serbian citizens have roots and families in Montenegro.
A pro-Serb government, if formed, might try to move the mountainous coastal nation closer to Serbia and Russia, but is not expected to take it out of NATO or abandon its bid to join the European Union.
Krivokapic’s alliance is backed by the powerful Serbian Orthodox Church, which since December has held daily protests against a law that allows the state to seize religious assets whose historical ownership cannot be proven.
Djukanovic, who faces re-election as president in 2023, and his top associates have in turn accused Serbia and Russia of using the Church and the pro-Serb opposition to undermine the independence of Montenegro and its pro-Western orientation.
Opposition leaders and democracy and human rights watchdogs have long accused Djukanovic and his party of running Montenegro as their own corrupt fiefdom with links to organized crime. The DPS denies the charges.
“Montenegro deserves to be run by a government of experts,” said Dritan Abazovic, leader of the green United Reform Action (URA) party, which received 5.53% in Sunday’s election.
The International Monetary Fund expects Montenegro’s economy to contract by nearly 9% this year.
[Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic]