Serbia ready to sacrifice EU membership over Kosovo deal

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic gestures during the press conference with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (not pictured) in Belgrade, Serbia, 18 June 2020. Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov is on an official visit to Serbia. [EPA-EFE/ANDREJ CUKIC]

Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić said on Thursday (18 June) he would reject European Union membership if Belgrade does not receive concessions in return for recognising Kosovo and dropping attempts to stop it joining the United Nations.

After meeting Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Vučić said no resolution of Serbia’s future relationship with its former province would be possible without Moscow’s consent.

“In reply to a possible offer (to Serbia) to recognise Kosovo and that Kosovo enters the UN, and we receive nothing in return, except EU membership, our answer would be ‘no’,” Vučić said.

Serbia, which is in talks to join the EU, has set a number of preconditions for normalising ties with Kosovo, including the establishment of an association of predominantly Serb municipalities and special status for medieval Serbian Orthodox Christian churches and monasteries.

It also wants to regulate outstanding problems, including issues related to energy and finances.

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Kosovo, where Albanians account for 90% of the population, declared independence from Belgrade in 2008, nearly a decade after NATO bombed Serbia to halt the killing and expulsion of Albanians in Kosovo during a two-year counter-insurgency.

Serbia, with allies Russia and China, has been blocking Kosovo’s membership of international organisations, including the United Nations.

Lavrov’s visit comes three days ahead of elections in Serbia and is widely seen as a sign of support for Vučić in the ballot.

Lavrov said the Kremlin would only support solutions to the Kosovo question acceptable to Belgrade and approved by the UN Security Council, where Russia has a veto.

“We believe that forcing the co-called final normalisation, hastening it through any artificial deadlines, would be counterproductive,” he said.

Vučić is scheduled to attend a Red Square parade on June 24 to mark the 75th anniversary of the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in World War Two. He will meet President Vladimir Putin, who has visited Serbia twice since 2012.

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