The first European presidential debate on Monday evening (28 April) in Maastricht turned out to be more of a warm-up session than a real contest of ‘visions’ for the future of Europe.
Aired by Euronews, in partnership with the Dutch Maastricht University, the European Youth Forum and EURACTIV, among others, the first debate was not as groundbreaking as anticipated, and seemed more of a cozy parliamentary debate among old rivals, than a genuine presidential contest.
“There was perhaps some overlap between the different candidates, and not so much differences in their positions. But at least you see the different candidates – the human faces behind the campaign – and I think that is important,” said Professor Thomas Christiansen of the European Institute Politics and member of the steering committee for the now dubbed ‘Maastricht debate’.
In the past, the Commission president has been appointed in horse-trading between the EU’s 28 governments. For the first time, five European parties have nominated a campaign figurehead, or ‘Spitzenkandidat’, who serves as their candidate to head the EU executive.
Putting such ‘faces’ on the pan-European campaigns is hoped to counter decreasing voter turnout.
However, despite the novelty of the exercise, the candidates failed to impress. “For the ordinary voters, a lot of things may remain obscure,” said Christiansen.
“It is a bit of a political show – it is entertainment to some extent. But [these elections] won’t influence the overall policy line. That is not how the EU works. People will have to compromise. That is perhaps a bit of a shame, and could create some disillusionment further down the road,” he added.
The debate revolved around issues that interest voters. It started with jobs, and ended with foreign policy and energy security.
Even though differences blurred, the four candidates tried to reassert their leitmotif for the campaign.
“I am campaigning for a Europe that creates jobs and growth without spending money we don’t have,” said Jean-Claude Juncker, the former Luxembourg prime minister, representing the centre-right European People’s Party, which is marginally ahead of the centre-left Socialists and Democrats, in polls.
The centre-right candidate, who chaired the euro zone’s finance ministers’ meetings during the crisis, a role that opened him up for criticism, tried to clear his legacy by saying that he did not have a project of austerity. “I am in favour of sound public finances because there is no growth without sound public finances.”
European Parliament President Martin Schulz, the Socialists and Democrat candidate, insisted instead that more money should be spent helping young people find jobs, pushing for a credit programme that would allow companies to employ young people, an argument that was also underlined by Green candidate, the 32-year old German MEP Ska Keller, who sees investing in the green economy as a way to boost employment.
“It is not just about jobs – jobs are very important. But it also matters how the voices of people are being heard,” Keller said.
Despite their eagerness to impress, the candidates failed to reassure, at least on tackling unemployment. “The crucial question, the first question, on youth unemployment disappointed me. I had expected a little bit more than them saying what is in their programmes,” European Youth Forum’s secretary general, Giuseppe Porcaro, told EURACTIV.
The winner: Integrated Europe
Despite no clear winners in the debate, the liberal candidate and former Belgian prime minister, Guy Verhofstadt, seems to have been the one that was able to clarify best his vision for the future of Europe.
“I was quite impressed with Guy Verhofstadt and his unashamed defence of a federal Europe,” said Christiansen.
Verhofstadt repeatedly said he advocates a more integrated Europe, but not the creation of a superstate. Winking an eye at centre-right voters, Verhofstadt stated, “We need less regulation on the single market, but at the same time we need more common policies,” mentioning the banking union, the energy community and a defense common policy.
In his closing remark, Juncker, who seemed to let the others take centre stage during most of the debate, reasserted his intention to ‘reunite Europe’ by further developing the social dimension of the single market, and the monetary union.
Schulz, who said he wanted to be the president of people not governments, stressed there was a need for reversing the policies of the centre-right, which has been in power for the last five years, and contributed to the rise of populism.
Commenting after the debate, the candidates complained about the format and time constraints, which did not allow for further developing ideas.
“I have looked at the social media attention and it seems that people looked and listened, and they understood the core messages,” Schulz told EURACTIV.
“We talked about foreign policy, energy, immigration. At times, it was vivid. You have to debate in a way that the audience doesn’t fall asleep. I don’t think that the two candidates from the largest parties Schulz and Juncker] would have succeeded in doing that. I think the audience wouldn’t have stayed awake,” added Verhofstadt.
The next presidential debate will take place in Florence on 9 May.