Greece is in a "Great Depression" similar to the American one in the 1930s, the country's Prime Minister Antonis Samaras told former US President Bill Clinton on Sunday (22 July).
Samaras was speaking two days before a team of Greece's international lenders arrive in Athens to push for further cuts needed for the debt-laden country to qualify for further rescue payments and avoid a chaotic default.
Athens wants to soften the terms of a €130 billion bailout agreed last March with the European Union and the International Monetary Fund, to soften their impact on an economy going through its worst post-war recession.
By the end of this year Greek GDP is expected to have shrunk by about a fifth in five consecutive years of recession since 2008, hammered by tax hikes, spending cuts and wage reductions required by two EU/IMF bailouts. Unemployment climbed to a record 22.6% in the first quarter.
"You had the Great Depression in the United States," Samaras told Clinton, who was visiting Greece as part of a delegation of Greek-American businessmen. "This is exactly what we're going through in Greece – it's our version of the Great Depression."
Athens must reduce its budget deficit below 3% of GDP by the end of 2014, from 9.3% of GDP in 2011 – requiring almost another €12 billion in cuts and higher taxes on top of the €17 billion successive governments have cut from the budget shortfall.
Greece wants its lenders to give it two more years to achieve the budget goal to avoid an even deeper economic slump but its lenders have opposed the idea because it would imply even more financial aid.
Highlighting growing frustration with Athens, German magazine "Der Spiegel" reported on Sunday, citing high-ranking representatives in Brussels, that the IMF may not take part in any additional financing for Greece.
The German and Greek finance ministries declined to comment on the report, which suggested additional support required for Athens could range from €10-50 billion.
Officials have already indicated there would be a shortfall on the current bailout. How much is likely to depend on the extent by much Greece continues to miss its fiscal targets and the extent of support needed to keep its major banks afloat.
German economy minister Philipp Roesler told ARD public television he did not expect Greece could fulfill its requirements and that that would mean no more money to Athens.
"I am more than sceptical," Roesler, who is the head of the junior party in Germany's ruling coalition and often outspoken on euro zone issues, said in an interview.
"If Greece does not fulfill its requirements, there cannot be any more payments to Greece," added Roesler, whose views often do not reflect those of Chancellor Angela Merkel or Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble.
The inspection team of the international "troika" of the EU Commission, the IMF and the ECB will focus on the €11.7 billion of spending cuts Athens needs to take in 2013 and 2014.
Clinton criticised Greece's lenders for focusing excessively on austerity, saying Athens will be more likely to repay its debt if its manages economic recovery first.
"(It) is self-defeating… if every day people are saying this may or may not work to give us back 100 cents on the dollar, so give us more austerity today," he told Samaras.
"People need something to look forward to when they get up in the morning – young Greeks need something to believe in so they can stake their future out here," Clinton said.
New Democracy, the centre-right party that won the general election in Greece last June, formed a coalition government with the third-placed socialist PASOK.
New Democracy won 29.7% of the vote, ahead of the leftist Syriza with 27%. Both New Democracy and PASOK are part of the “pro-bailout” camp.
New Democracy and PASOK alternated in power from the fall of military rule in 1974 until last year, when Greece's economic crisis forced the rivals to share power in a national unity government tasked with rescuing the country from bankruptcy.
Many Greeks hold both parties responsible for the nation's near bankruptcy, which forced it to take bailouts from the European Union and IMF in 2010 and again this year.
- AFP: EU-IMF scrutiny as Greece labours to reform
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- Bloomberg: Greece Back at Center of Euro Crisis as Exit Talk Resurfaces
- MarkeWatch: Greece reportedly faces IMF aid cut-off
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