Eurozone countries should retreat from the euro single currency and return to a “common currency” structure, French National Front leader Marine Le Pen said on Wednesday (4 January), evoking the era of the ECU basket of currencies.
Speaking to Reuters after a New Year news conference, Le Pen, who hopes to be elected president of France in May, also said that French national debt would be denominated in a new national currency under her administration.
Le Pen has long said that France should exit the euro currency, but in the past has offered little detail about how that could happen.
“The ECU existed alongside a national currency,” Le Pen said. “A national currency co-existing with a common currency would not have any consequences on the French’s daily life,” she added.
“A ‘monetary snake’ is something that appears reasonable,” she said – a reference to the ‘snake in the tunnel’ system introduced in the 1970s to limit fluctuations between European currencies.
The ECU was a basket of European currencies used as a unit of account by members of the bloc in the two decades leading up to the introduction of the single currency in 1999.
It existed in parallel with the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) which attempted to narrow fluctuations between the currencies of member states.
Le Pen’s deputy Florian Philippot said this monetary cooperation with other European countries did not represent a change in the leader’s view that France should regain monetary sovereignty.
“A currency following the ECU model is not a currency you have in your wallet or your bank account, it’s an accounting currency between countries,” he said.
“It could be a model, maybe even a transitory one,” he added.
Another top official, Nicolas Bay, said that after simply stating that the euro did not work currently, the far-right party was now in a “second phase” of explaining how to make the system work.
National Front economist Jean-Richard Sulzer said the new system the party advocates would have fixed exchange rates but allow “rare” adjustments. “Rates should be fixed but adjustable,” he said.
“The exchange rate would not float every morning like before the ECU because it created huge instability for our exporters.”
Opinion polls have consistently shown Le Pen making it to the second round of the presidential election but losing that run-off to a mainstream candidate, likely to be conservative Francois Fillon.