Tens of thousands of opposition supporters marched in the Belarusian capital of Minsk Sunday (20 September), defying a heavy security presence that included water cannon and armoured vehicles.
More than 100 people were arrested on the sidelines of that demonstration and similar protests in other major cities, the rights group Viasna said.
The protests came a day after police officers detained hundreds of demonstrators at a women’s march in the capital.
The opposition movement has kept up a wave of big demonstrations every Sunday since President Alexander Lukashenko won a disputed victory in the 9 August elections.
In Minsk, people holding red-and-white protest flags gathered for the “March of Justice” walked through central streets holding placards with slogans such as “Cowards beat up women” and “Get out!”.
Natalya Chizhevich, a 60-year-old retired teacher said she came every week.
“Europe won’t help us get rid of Lukashenko, the people themselves have to remove him,” she said.
Several independent media outlets estimated numbers at tens of thousands, while the opposition newspaper Nasha Niva put the figure much higher at 150,000. Previous marches have drawn estimated turnouts of at least 100,000.
“I hope this won’t die down. We come out every time, it’s such a breath of fresh air,” said Maxim Karpov, 33.
“This all gives us strength to fight on.”
Police and internal troops drove military trucks, water cannon and armoured personnel carriers into the city centre and set up barbed wire.
In the evening, large numbers of riot police with shields faced off against flag-waving protesters after detaining small numbers at the start.
Viasna said at least 80 had been detained in Minsk and 47 in other cities.
In the southwestern city of Brest, police said they fired tear gas at protesters during tense street clashes and added that one officer fired a stun grenade into the air.
The government ordered a reduction in mobile internet coverage during the protests, and central Minsk metro stations were closed.
Opposition leader Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, who has claimed victory over Lukashenko in the polls and taken shelter in Lithuania, praised demonstrators for coming out “to bravely stand up for what they want”.
The mass protest followed a police crackdown Saturday on peaceful women demonstrators who wore shiny accessories for a “Sparkly March”.
Protesters were dragged into vans, and some were lifted off their feet and carried.
Belarusian interior ministry spokeswoman Olga Chemodanova said Sunday that police had detained 415 people in Minsk and 15 in other cities Saturday for breaking rules on mass demonstrations. She said 385 had been released.
‘Worth fighting for’
The scale of Saturday’s detentions prompted the opposition’s Coordination Council to warn of a “new phase in the escalation of violence against peaceful protesters”.
Among those detained was prominent protest figure Nina Baginskaya, 73, who was later released.
The aggressive police tactics prompted an opposition Telegram channel, Nexta, which has more than two million subscribers, to publish what it said were the names and ranks of more than 1,000 police officers.
Protesters have tried to pull masks and balaclavas off police who appear at demonstrations in plain clothes or in uniforms without insignia or name badges.
Opposition leader Tikhanovskaya on Saturday said Belarusians were ready to strip police obeying “criminal orders” of anonymity.
Lukashenko has dismissed opposition calls for his resignation and sought help from Russia’s President Vladimir Putin, who has promised law enforcement backup if needed and a $1.5 billion loan.
Tikhanovskaya is to meet European Union foreign ministers Monday in Brussels as the EU prepares sanctions against those it blames for rigging the election and the regime’s violent crackdown.
Authorities have jailed many of Tikhanovskaya’s allies who formed the leadership of the Coordination Council, or driven them out of the country.
Campaign partner Maria Kolesnikova has been imprisoned and charged with undermining national security.
She released a message to protesters Sunday saying: “Freedom is worth fighting for. Don’t be afraid to be free!”