Thousands of protesters attempted Thursday (20 June) to storm the Georgian parliament in Tbilisi, furious that a Russian lawmaker addressed the assembly from the speaker’s seat during an international event.
Demanding the resignation of the speaker, about 10,000 protesters broke riot police cordons to enter the parliament courtyard, an AFP reporter witnessed. Police pushed them back, but protesters continued trying to enter the building.
— Shota (@shotakincha) June 20, 2019
Earlier, tens of thousands rallied in central Tbilisi, demanding speaker Irakli Kobakhidze step down after a Russian lawmaker controversially addressed the country’s parliament from the speaker’s seat.
Situation is dangerously tense in #Tbilisi as protesters & riot police are facing off in front of the parliament. Strong political leadership is needed on both sides to maintain control of the situation pic.twitter.com/zJ0we51Oqn
— Giorgi Gogia (@Giorgi_Gogia) June 20, 2019
Russian Communist lawmaker Sergei Gavrilov was speaking during an annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Assembly on Orthodoxy (IAO), a forum of lawmakers from predominantly Orthodox countries.
The Russian MP’s presence in fiercely pro-Western Georgia’s parliament prompted outrage in the ex-Soviet nation which in 2008 fought and lost a brief but bloody war with Moscow over the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
A group of Georgian opposition lawmakers demanded the Russian delegation leave the parliament’s plenary chamber.
Many protesters held Georgian and EU flags and placards that read “Russia is an occupier.”
“This is a spontaneous protest by ordinary Georgians, it has not been organised by any political party,” an MP from opposition European Georgia party, Giga Bokeria, told AFP at the rally.
Police firing a LOT of tear gas cannisters trying to disperse the crowd outside parliament in Tbilisi. At least one person is in an ambulance pic.twitter.com/vOtxVKzLU0
— Shaun Walker (@shaunwalker7) June 20, 2019
Georgian oligarch Bidzina Ivanishvili — widely believed to be calling the shots in Georgia as the leader of his ruling Georgian Dream party — said in a statement he “fully shares the sincere outrage of the Georgian citizens”.
“It is unacceptable that a representative of the occupier country chairs a forum in the Georgian parliament,” Ivanishvili said.
He added he had told speaker Kobakhidze, to “immediately suspend” the IAO session.
Headquartered in Athens, the IAO is a permanent, international forum of MPs from predominantly Orthodox-Christian countries.
Georgia and its Soviet-era master Russia have long been at loggerheads over Tbilisi’s bid to join the European Union and NATO with the spiralling confrontation culminating in a full-out war on 8 August 2008.
The Russian army swept into Georgia — bombing targets and occupying large swathes of territory – after Tbilisi launched a large-scale military operation against South Ossetian separatist forces who had been shelling Georgian villages.
Over just five days, Russia defeated Georgia’s small military and the hostilities ended with a ceasefire mediated by France’s then-president Nicolas Sarkozy, who at the time held the EU’s rotating presidency.
After the war, which claimed the lives of hundreds of soldiers and civilians from both sides, Moscow recognised South Ossetia and another separatist enclave, Abkhazia, as independent states where it then stationed permanent military bases.
Tbilisi and its Western allies have denounced the move as an “illegal military occupation.”
The two regions constitute 20% of the country’s territory.