Ukraine’s president appealed for more global pressure against Russia yesterday (2 February) as Moscow-backed rebels and government forces clashed around a frontline town in an upsurge of fighting that has claimed a reported 25 lives.
The sworn foes have been exchanging mortar and rocket fire near the flashpoint eastern town of Avdiivka that sits just north of the pro-Russian rebels’ de facto capital of Donetsk.
The outburst of violence since Sunday (29 January) has reignited fears of full-scale warfare returning to eastern Ukraine after a relative lull in 33 months of bloodshed in the European Union’s backyard.
The Avdiivka shelling left more than 20,000 people without heating or water in freezing winter weather and authorities scrambling to provide relief.
— Michael MacKay (@mhmck) February 2, 2017
The escalation in fighting has sharpened attention on a conflict that had slipped from recent focus despite having claimed more than 10,000 lives.
On Thursday, the United States’ UN ambassador, Nikki Haley, condemned Russia’s “aggressive actions” in Ukraine.
The fresh fighting comes at a potential watershed moment for Ukraine as it seeks to maintain US support despite US President Donald Trump’s bid to mend ties with Russia’s Vladimir Putin.
Moscow and Kyiv have traded blame over who started the latest round of violence. AFP reporters have witnessed the rebels on the attack.
“The world should be more actively putting pressure on Russia in order to end the shelling,” Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said in a statement.
The Ukrainian army’s general staff also convened a meeting of the G7 group of global powers representatives and the UN Security Council members’ ambassadors to Kyiv focused on the latest violence.
“Moscow is putting Avdiivka on the brink of a humanitarian catastrophe,” Poroshenko said.
But Russian President Vladimir Putin countered that the latest fighting was “provoked by the Ukrainian side”.
— Evan McMullin (@Evan_McMullin) February 3, 2017
The seemingly irreconcilable differences are rooted in Kyiv’s worries that Putin is trying to stamp his authority on eastern Ukraine to give him leverage over Trump on other global issues.
NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg did not blame Russia directly but said that Moscow had “considerable influence” over the militia forces now on the attack in east Ukraine.
Moscow denies accusations from Kyiv and its allies that it sparked the war in 2014 and has sent in troops to keep Ukraine under its thumb after its tilt towards the West.
Fighting in eastern Ukraine must stop now and ceasefire honoured. Russia should use its influence to disengage Russian-backed separatists.
— Donald Tusk (@eucopresident) February 2, 2017
Mortars and gruel
Thursday morning began with echoes of rocket fire on the outskirts of blue-collar Avdiivka and the death of a woman in a shelling attack. It ended with still more shelling and the death of two more locals.
— Julian Röpcke (@JulianRoepcke) February 2, 2017
The insurgents also said one more of their fighters was killed in the clashes while the Ukrainian army reported two deaths.
Army officers were distributing gruel and tea to hundreds of people in makeshift street kitchens as the sound of exploding shells shattered the air.
They also set up seven camps where people could warm up, with temperatures falling to minus 20 degrees Celsius at night.
“Right now we are making buckwheat and millet porridge,” said a 40-year-old serviceman who gave his name only as Taras.
“We hope to get some canned meat in the evening,” he told AFP.
The industrial town of Avdiivka was seized by separatists when the conflict started in April 2014, following the ouster of Ukraine’s pro-Russian leader, but was recaptured by government forces several months later.
This bright mural in Avdiyivka inspires confidence in overcoming barbaric Russian aggression. Stay strong. Glory to Heroes! pic.twitter.com/w54PyaLChf
— Ukraine / Україна (@Ukraine) February 1, 2017
The town has a giant coke plant that produces natural gas for generating heat and electricity and also has important roads used by the separatist fighters to move around machinery and weapons.
Moscow and Kyiv agreed on Wednesday (1 February) to promote a new truce that would also open escape routes out of the devastated town.
But coke plant spokesman Dmytro Murashko told AFP that those trying to leave Avdiivka fell under heavy shelling and had to return to the town.
A Ukrainian fighter from Kyiv who only gave his nom de guerre – ‘The Zoo’ – said he was certain that Russian forces were leading the offensive.
“No one else could coordinate this so well,” he told AFP.