Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk said on Tuesday (13 October) he had no doubt Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was shot down over eastern Ukraine by Russian special forces because “drunken separatists” could not have operated the missile.
Yatseniuk made his charge shortly before publication of the Dutch Safety Board’s final report on its investigation into the causes of the downing of MH17 over territory held by pro-Russia rebels on 17 July 2014.
The long-awaited report said the plane was brought down by a Russian-made Buk missile, but it did not say who may have fired it. The crash killed all 298 people aboard, most of them Dutch citizens.
Even at that time, there was enough evidence to believe that pro-Russian separatists had put down the airliner, believing it was a Ukrainian military aircraft.
“In our opinion it was carried out solely from territory controlled by Russian fighters and there is no doubt that drunken separatists are not able to operate Buk systems and this means these systems were operated solely by professional Russian soldiers,” Yatseniuk told a government meeting.
Russia has denied Ukrainian and Western charges that it has sent arms and men to help the separatists in the conflict.
The plane was shot down three months after fighting broke out between Ukrainian forces and the separatists who are seeking independence from the pro-European government in Kyiv.
In its report, the Dutch Board blamed the crash on the detonation of a warhead to the left of the aircraft’s flight cabin.
Military analysts and Western governments believe rebels shot down the aircraft, possibly mistaking it for a Ukrainian military plane. Moscow has offered alternative theories, including that it might have been shot down by a Ukrainian fighter, or by Ukrainian forces.
Bellingcat, a network of investigative journalists, has published a report based on open sources who seems to corroborate that MH17 was shot by a Buk launcher whose origins are from the 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile brigade in Kursk, Russia.
Alternative scenarios presented by the Russian Ministry of Defence are at best flawed, Bellingcat finds.
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17) was a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that crashed on 17 July 2014 after being shot down, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board.
Among the victims are 193 passengers from the Netherlands, 43 from Malaysia and 27 from Australia, 12 from Indonesia, 10 from UK, and 4 from Germany and Belgium.
The Boeing 777 airliner lost contact about 50 km from the Ukraine–Russia border and crashed near Torez in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, 40 km (25 mi) from the border, over territory controlled by pro-Russian separatists.
Evidence from open sources indicated that separatists in Ukraine were in control of a Buk missile launcher on 17 July and transported it from Donetsk to Snizhne.
Two parallel investigations have been led by the Dutch. One is into the cause of the crash, and a second investigation is a criminal inquiry.