5-Star, League on verge of reaching government deal

Italy's Five-Star Movement (M5S) leader Luigi Di Maio (C) is surrounded by the media as he leaves the parliament's Lower House in Rome, Italy, 16 May 2018. [Giuseppe Lami/EPA/EFE]

Italy inched closer towards ending more than two months of political deadlock on Thursday (17 May) as anti-establishment leader Luigi Di Maio said he was confident an agreement would be reached on forming a coalition government with the far-right.

Di Maio said earlier in that all outstanding matters had been settled in talks with Matteo Salvini, the leader of the nationalist and eurosceptic League although the issue of their joint prime ministerial candidate was still being debated.

But speaking late Thursday in northern Italy, he went further saying; “I am very confident, we have created the basis of the government and the name of the prime minister will not be a problem.”

Salvini, meanwhile, pledged that on Monday the two parties would be in a position to formally present President Sergio Mattarella with the results of the talks.

“I am proud of the time, the days and nights spent, not talking of ministers but of the future of Italy,” he said as he travelled to northern Italy where regional elections will be held Sunday.

“On Monday we will go to Mr Mattarella and submit our work,” he added.

The two parties have been locked in negotiations over a “Contract for the Government of Change”, a document setting out policies and how the proposed coalition would work.

President Mattarella must agree to the parties’ prime ministerial nominee before the candidate seeks the approval of parliament.

“Can you see that I’ve hardly slept at all over the past days?,” tweeted Salvini earlier next to a smiling selfie.

“I’m working for you and I promise to give it my all,” he wrote.

Approval

Di Maio said earlier Thursday that the final version of the contract would be put to his party’s members for approval “probably tomorrow”.

The government team is expected to take into account the number of seats each party holds after March’s inconclusive elections.

Five Star became Italy’s largest party after gaining nearly 33% of the vote, while the League — shorn of the rest of the rightwing coalition including Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia that won 37% — will be the junior partner with 17%.

Officials representing Mattarella have said he would only scrutinise the final version of the contract.

A version of the document, from Tuesday evening, was leaked to daily Il Fatto Quotidiano.

That document contains a proposed “conciliation committee”, a structure parallel to the parliament which would be responsible for settling any disagreements between two political forces that have divergent ideas on issues like immigration and Italy’s relations with Europe.

Sanctions dropped

It proposes that European Union sanctions against Russia be dropped immediately, and includes a watered-down EU section that no longer talks about exiting the single currency but asks that unspecified “certain responsibilities” be repatriated to individual member states.

5-Star, League want ECB to forgive €250 billion of Italy debt

The anti-establishment 5-Star Movement and far-right Northern League plan to ask the European Central Bank to forgive €250 billion of Italian debt, according to a draft of a coalition programme the parties are working on.

Domestically there are pension reforms, the introduction of a basic income and a section questioning 10 obligatory vaccines for children attending state schools.

The leaked version also contained a number of issues that still needed signing off, including possibly reopening discussions about EU rules and monetary policy.

Among other policies yet to be approved as of Tuesday evening were also whether asylum centres should “fully respect” migrants’ human rights, and the radical proposal to have just two tax brackets – 20% and 15%.

Also yet to be signed off were a register of religious leaders, a demand that all religious sermons be conducted in Italian, and that local consultations take place before any new mosques are opened.

The likely arrival of a populist government took its toll on the Italian banking sector at the Milan Stock Exchange Thursday, in particular the Monte dei Paschi di Siena bank, majority-owned by the Italian state, which saw its share price tumble.

The troubled bank is undergoing heavy restructuring measures after benefiting from bailout worth billions of euros.

But the M5S-League government draft outlined plans to “redefine the mission and the objectives” of the bank, without giving further details.

As a result the bank’s share prices tumbled more than 10% Thursday afternoon and was down at 8.86% at close.

The gap between Italy’s and Germany’s 10-year borrowing rates has also increased by 25 base points since Tuesday to 156 — a sign that investors were still concerned about Italy’s financial stability.

The Italian stock market closed at -0.29% after taking a 2.32% hit on Wednesday.

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