In interviews with two major European newspapers, Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz lifted the veil on the plans of his country’s EU presidency, which starts on 1 July. Unsurprisingly, the main highlight is to fortify the EU’s external borders.
Speaking to the Financial Times, Kurz described Brexit as “a terrible decision” and suggested the EU’s migration issues were a “main reason” for the vote.
“The closing of the Western Balkan route was successful and we did not have the support of Germany, France or bigger countries in the EU,” Kurz added.
— Florian Forster (@Florian_Forster) May 28, 2018
The so-called “Western Balkans route” was effectively closed in 2016 as an international effort spearheaded by Kurz’s predecessor, Social-Democrat Chancellor Werner Faymann. The European Commission and countries outside the region played no role in its closure.
The EU “wasted time” on the divisive issue, the young leader continued, signalling he was ready to call time on German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s push for mandatory EU quotas for accepting refugees.
“We need to shift our focus from the debates about redistributing refugees within the EU, and should concentrate more on external border protection,” he said.
Speaking to Welt am Sonntag, Kurz said he does not think EU-wide quotas aimed at more evenly distributing refugees around the 28-member bloc are realistic.
He also said he is concerned about in-fighting in Europe, saying: “In the EU, there are always morally superior people who think they have to educate the others. I’m very worried about that.”
#Frontex soll verhindern, dass sich Schlepperboote auf d gefährlichen Weg über d Mittelmeer machen u illegale Migranten an d Außengrenzen stoppen,versorgen u dann im Idealfall in d Herkunfts- oder Transitland zurückstellen.Mehr dazu in meinem @welt am Sonntag-Interview. @welt 2/2 pic.twitter.com/mC2bogjNJn
— Sebastian Kurz (@sebastiankurz) May 27, 2018
Austria also supports its historic ally Hungary and Kurz agrees with his Hungarian colleague Viktor Orbán on major issues.
Bulgaria, who currently holds the rotating EU Council Presidency, floated a compromise wherein mandatory redistribution quotas should only go into effect in the event of another large flow of migrants, like the one seen in 2015.
The current ambition is that the 28-29 June summit could reach an agreement to reform the 1990 Dublin asylum system, which proved to be totally ineffective during the 2015 refugee crisis.
One major stumbling block is the mechanism of mandatory redistribution of refugees, to which several countries object, in particular, the Visegrad Four.
Kurz also said that agents from the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, known as Frontex, should be allowed to operate in Northern Africa in order to prevent further migration to Europe.
According to the new long-term draft budget of the EU, Frontex will see its budget tripled, and its personnel will be increased to 10,000 by 2027, from just 1,000 projected for 2020.
Kurz, however, said that this increase must happen much faster.
He said Frontex needed “a clear political mandate” with the governments of Northern African countries that would allow EU border guards to operate there.
In his words, Frontex employees should also “stop illegal migrants on the external borders, tend to them, and then ideally send them immediately back to their home country or transit country”.
He added that the Frontex mandate should give agents the ability to “end the dirty business model of human traffickers and to prevent smuggler boats from even setting out on the dangerous journey over the Mediterranean”.
Asked about other issues, Kurz reiterated his position that accession talks with Turkey should be stopped. He also spoke in favour of good relations with Russia.
“We won’t be able to solve the crisis in Ukraine alone . . . Syria, we will only be successful if we find a way to act united with the US and Russia, so I think it’s not negative for the EU if countries like Austria — which has always been a bridge-builder — has . . . a good relationship with Russia.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin will visit Austria on 5 June.