In a speech yesterday (9 March), Internal Market Commissioner Michel Barnier argued that the positions of president of the European Council and president of the European Commission should be held by one "president of the EU". EURACTIV France and EURACTIV Germany report.
Barnier gave the speech during Europe Day celebrations at Berlin's Humboldt University.
"One day a future president of the European Union, whoever he or she will be, should both preside over the European Council and chair the European Commission," he told students.
Sources close to Barnier said his idea had nothing to do with the work or competence of those who currently occupy those positions, Herman Van Rompuy and José Manuel Barroso respectively.
They added that such a merging of roles would make the EU more "readable", facilitate communication between the EU's leadership and the general public by giving the Union a more obvious "face", and boost the democratic legitimacy of the EU as a whole.
Piotr Maciej Kaczy?ski, a research fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies, suggested that such a fusion would significantly improve the Union's visibility by reducing the current multiplicity of EU presidents (see 'Background').
"The European executive would be reinforced. And it would probably be more effective," Kaczy?ski said.
No reform needed
The idea of having a single EU president is not new. It was mentioned during the Convention on the Future of Europe in 2002, which later drafted the ill-fated constitution for the European Union.
Barnier's suggestion is similar in spirit to a proposal by UK Liberal Democrat MEP Andrew Duff to draw up pan-European party lists which ought to be headed by potential commissioners.
A key distinction, however, is that Barnier's proposal would not require reform of the EU treaties. He said in his speech that "the drafters of the Lisbon Treaty were careful not to rule out this major and symbolic step forward".
Researcher Kaczy?ski suggested that combining the two posts might be possible in 2014. That year the new Commission president would be drawn from the winning political group in the European parliamentary elections and the Council president's term would have to be renewed. "Why not, in this case, choose the same person for the two offices? Nothing forbids this in the text," Kaczy?ski said.
In not requiring possibly long and contentious treaty reforms, Barnier's proposal resembles European Parliament President Jerzy Buzek's idea of having European commissioners head national electoral lists and attempts by the European socialists – the second biggest group in the Parliament – to choose a pan-European 'winning candidate' for Commission president in the 2014 elections.
Barnier's speech also suggested more long-term reforms that would require a change to the treaties.
He said the EU's democratic legitimacy and connection to national public opinion could be improved by having the powers of the Commission and Council president "vested in them by a Congress comprising both the European Parliament and representatives of the national parliaments".
Barnier said Europe must aim to become a "Federation of Nation States," an expression which highlights the tension in dividing powers between the EU and its member states.
Somewhat paradoxically, he added that "we are not a single European people. We cannot be a European nation. There is no question of a federal state which would take the place of the nation states or the regions".
Barnier concluded his speech with an "appeal to the 27 heads of state and government and to President Herman Van Rompuy. This unity is in their hands".
There are currently three presidents representing the European Union. These are the presidents of:
- the European Commission (José Manuel Barroso);
- the European Council of heads of state and government (Herman Van Rompuy), and;
- the rotating presidency held in turn every six months by each EU member country (currently Hungary).
This setup was established by the Lisbon Treaty, which came into force in December 2009. It created the position currently held by Van Rompuy, whose principal duty is to chair the summits of EU heads of state and government who determine the Union's strategic priorities.
In contrast, the president of the European Commission heads the EU's executive and leads the college of 27 commissioners appointed by each member state.
Arguably the current situation has not provided a better answer to Henry Kissinger's famous question: "Who do I call if I want to call Europe?" Currently, both Van Rompuy and Barroso represent the EU at major international summits such as the G20, in addition to leaders of EU member states.
Robert Zoellick, president of the World Bank, has said on the subject that "people often won't say this [but] it's still a little odd that of those 25, 26 at the table, about nine are European".
- June 2014: Elections to the European Parliament.
- European Commission:Speech by Michel Barnier at Humboldt University, Belin(9 May 2011)
- EURACTIV France:Barroso/Van Rompuy: selon Barnier, il ne doit en rester qu'un
- EURACTIV Germany:Barnier träumt vom Präsidenten Europas
- Dnevnik, the EURACTIV partner in Bulgaria:???????????: ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? "??????????? ?? ??"
- EURACTIV Romania:Comisar european: UE ar trebui sa aiba un presedinte unic
- EURACTIV Czech Republic:EU by podle Barniera m?la mít jednoho p?edsedu
- EURACTIV Poland:Barnier: Barroso lub Van Rompuy – wystarczy jeden