Prime Minister Theresa May and her French counterpart Emmanuel Macron agreed a new border security deal yesterday (18 January), through which the UK will pay more to France to stop migrants trying to reach British shores.
May also confirmed the loan of the Bayeux Tapestry from France, a historic work depicting the Norman conquest of England which she said would come to Britain in 2022 for the first time in over 900 years.
The Bayeux Tapestry is set to be displayed in Britain after Emmanuel Macron agreed to let it leave French shores for the first time in 950 years https://t.co/jEe7OPSOQs
— The Times of London (@thetimes) January 16, 2018
The two leaders, meeting for wide-ranging talks at the Sandhurst military academy near London, agreed that the UK will pay an extra £44.5 million (€50 million) for fencing, CCTV and detection technology in Calais and other Channel ports.
“The further investment we have agreed today will make the UK’s borders even more secure,” May said during a joint press conference with Macron.
While the two countries cooperate closely in numerous areas, including intelligence and defence, differences over migration have often strained ties.
The money is on top of more than £100 million already paid by Britain, following a request by Macron to contribute more cash.
At a press conference, May said she was “honoured” by the loan of the Bayeux Tapestry and the French president added he hoped it would open “a new chapter” for cultural and scientific co-operation.
“We are somehow making a new tapestry together,” Macron said, rejecting any suggestion that it was intended to remind Britain of a victorious France.
The loan has been met with opposition by French experts who have warned about the delicate state of the 70-metre (230-foot) long embroidery.
The tapestry, which shows the English King Harold being killed by an arrow in the eye at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, is believed to have been created within years of the battle.
Emmanuel Macron and Theresa May are looking to limit impact of Brexit on Anglo-French relations by striking deals on defense and security https://t.co/9kPKJGzMYo
— New York Times World (@nytimesworld) January 18, 2018
The leaders capped the summit at an evening reception at London’s Victoria and Albert Museum, where they spoke of celebrating the two countries’ shared history and values.
“So today, more than a century on from the ‘entente cordiale’ let us celebrate our own ‘entente chaleureuse'”, May told those gathered, using the French word for warm.
Macron declared the day’s work a “full roadmap for the coming years”.
The UK-France summit came as Britain tries to strengthen bilateral ties before leaving the European Union in March 2019.
The French flag was raised over the military base and the French national anthem played out for the arrival of May and Macron, who were greeted by a guard honour and a flypast of two planes.
They earlier visited the Michelin-star Royal Oak pub in May’s Maidenhead constituency, where they had a “convivial” lunch together according to a British source.
While Brexit was not scheduled for formal discussion, Macron said Britain’s decision to leave the European Union would lead to some “short-term uncertainties”.
Macron also said that Britain could have “no differentiated access to financial services” if it decides to leave the European single market.
Otherwise, Britain would have to pay into the EU budget.
‘Be my guest’
“Be my guest,” Macron told May, saying he would welcome any move by London to stay in the European Union’s single market.
But he added a warning – London’s prized financial centre could not enjoy the same level of access to the EU under May’s current Brexit plan.
Emmanuel Macron has warned Theresa May the UK will have to pay into the EU's coffers in order to secure a Brexit trade deal on financial services https://t.co/E5Nhqz0k01
— Sky News (@SkyNews) January 18, 2018
“There shall be no hypocrisy in this respect… otherwise we would destroy the single market,” he said.
“The choice is on the British side, not on my side,” Macron told a news conference after being asked why he was opposed to Britain’s financial sector being included in any agreement on future trade between the two sides.
“They can have no differentiated access to the financial services. If you want access to the single market, including the financial services, be my guest. But it means that you need to contribute to the budget and acknowledge European jurisdiction.”
Britain has ruled out pursuing a deal with the EU that would mean it would have to pay into its budget or respect its four freedoms, including free movement of people. Instead May says she wants a bespoke free trade deal covering both goods and services.
But by pressing for the inclusion of the financial services sector – which accounts for about 12% of Britain’s economic output and pays more tax than any other industry, May has lit the fuse on what could become the argument that dominates the so-called second phase of the talks to dismantle more than 40 years of membership of the EU.
Last year, Macron launched a charm offensive on banks working in London’s City, calling on them to rebase in Paris.
“We recognise that as we’re leaving the European Union we will no longer be full members of the single market,” May told the joint news conference.
“I believe that is not just in the interests of the United Kingdom but also of the European Union as it goes forward to continue to have a good economic relationship.”
Helicopters to Africa
The French president stressed that the new border agreement was a bilateral accord, separate from any EU divorce deal, aimed at managing the sensitive of immigration as hundreds of people continue to camp out in Calais.
The two countries currently abide by the 15-year-old Treaty of Le Touquet, which permits immigration checks within each other’s borders.
The new treaty signed at Thursday’s summit was intended to complement the 2003 deal, according to French officials.
In addition to more funds from Britain, the two sides agreed to “improved treatment” of child refugees which Macron said would see their paperwork processed within 25 days.
The British prime minister also committed to sending Royal Air Force (RAF) helicopters to a key French counter-terrorism operation in Mali.
The deployment of three RAF Chinook helicopters to provide logistic support to French troops tackling jihadis across Africa’s Sahel region is part of broader counter-terrorism and military efforts there by the UN, the EU and the African Union.
It is seen as particularly significant as France is lacking in such capabilities and Britain’s commitment could mark the start of a longer-term deployment in the region.
“Since the last UK-France summit we have seen appalling and cowardly terrorist attacks in both our countries, in which British and French citizens have died side-by-side,” May said.
France in turn has agreed to commit troops to the British-led NATO battlegroup in Estonia in 2019.