German Chancellor Angela Merkel is considering an EU 'convention' to draw up a new treaty for closer European political unification and help overcome the bloc's sovereign debt crisis, the weekly Der Spiegel reported on Sunday (26 August). Merkel later denied the report.
Germany, the European Union's biggest economy, has long argued for more national competences, including over budgets, to be transferred to European institutions but faces strong resistance from other member states.
Merkel hopes a summit of EU leaders in December can agree a concrete date for the start of the convention on a new treaty, Der Spiegel reported.
The idea, which the magazine said Merkel's European affairs advisor floated at meetings in Brussels, recalls the 100-plus strong convention of EU lawmakers set up in 2001 – inspired by the Philadelphia Convention that led to the adoption of the US federal constitution – charged with the task of preparing a European constitution.
The charter that finally emerged was rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2005 and it became instead the basis of the EU's Lisbon Treaty which is still in force today.
Many member states, recalling the lengthy disputes and setbacks that preceded the Lisbon Treaty's entry into force, are reluctant to embark on another prolonged process of institutional reform.
Some countries such as Ireland would have to hold a referendum on any new treaty and the process would increase pressure in Britain – where opposition to closer EU political union runs high – for a complete withdrawal from the EU.
However, Germany believes a much closer fiscal and political union – with EU oversight of national budgets – is needed to ensure that member states get their public finances fully in order and to restore stability to the euro currency.
'I want Europe campaign'
The report by Der Spiegel comes amid signs that Angela Merkel is preparing German public opinion for a further round of European integration.
On Thursday (23 August), Merkel backed a campaign to persuade Germans of the benefits of European unity. Called "I want Europe" ("Ich will Europa"), the campaign includes a video message describing the virtues of European integration, saying it had brought "peace, prosperity and understanding with our neighbours."
"Amidst all the controversy … we must not forget one thing," Merkel said in a written statement posted on the 'Ich will Europa' website. "Europe is not just a matter of the mind, Europe is and remains primarily a matter of the heart. Europe is our future."
"I want Europe" brings together politicians past and present including the country's President Joachim Gauck, Merkel and former Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, with celebrities including German football captain Philipp Lahm, AFP reported.
It is backed by 11 academic institutes and several media groups.
Merkel denied the report in Der Spiegel, saying: "I am not calling for a convention, but I have been demanding for some time that we do not stand still concerning the steps we have taken. For example the fiscal compact. If we had not made the fiscal compact as a treaty amongst 17 countries, but if the UK would have been willing to agree to a treaty change, then the question would have been how this could be discussed."
"In such cases in Europe a convention is convened under the Lisbon Treaty. But that is not what it is about now. The point is to consider what the next important steps are that we must take."
At the last EU summit in June, European leaders were presented with a report and roadmap on the eurozone's longer term future.
The report, Towards a Genuine Economic and Monetary Union, was drafted jointly by European Council President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso in collaboration with Eurogroup President Jean-Claude Juncker and European Central Bank (ECB) President Mario Draghi.
The most far-reaching suggestions in the report included:
- Setting "upper limits" on member states' annual budgets;
- "Prior approval" for issuing government
- debt "beyond the level agreed in common";
- Issuance of "common debt" as a medium term option;
- Setting up an EU "treasury office";
- Closer coordination on "labour mobility" and "tax coordination".
- 18-19 Oct. 2012: interim report on finalising economic and monetary union to be presented at EU summit in Brussels.
- 13-14 Dec. 2012: final report and roadmap for further economic and monetary union to be adopted by EU leaders at Brussels summit.
- Report by European Council President Herman Van Rompuy: Towards a Genuine Economic and Monetary Union (26 June 2012)
- EU summit conclusions (29 June 2012)
- Spiegel Online: Merkel forciert neuen EU-Vertrag
- EURACTIV Germany: Merkel: "Ich fordere keinen Konvent"
- EURACTIV Germany: "Ich will Europa": Prominente starten Kampagne für europäische Idee
- The Telegraph: Merkel tells Germans to remember the euro dream ahead of crisis summits
- Bloomberg: Merkel Joins Lahm, Schmidt In Campaign To Promote Europe
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