Poland was banned Monday (17 September) from the EU body representing the member states’ judicial institutions over its perceived lack of independence after controversial government reforms.
The European Network of Councils for the Judiciary (ENCJ) announced it had stripped the Polish National Judicial Council of its voting rights and excluded it from the network following a meeting in Bucharest.
Today 17/9 the ENCJ General Assembly resolved to suspend the membership of the 🇵🇱Polish National Judicial Council (KRS). The KRS is, for the time being, stripped of its voting rights and excluded from participation in ENCJ activities. https://t.co/GtFV9ob2YP pic.twitter.com/hyfYLWKxkq
— Judges for Judges (@Judges4J) September 17, 2018
“The extreme circumstances of this particular case have led to the decision just taken,” the body said in a statement.
“It is a condition of ENCJ membership, that institutions are independent of the executive and legislature and ensure the final responsibility for the support of the judiciary in the independent delivery of justice,” it added.
“The ENCJ became concerned that as a result of the recent reforms in Poland the KRS no longer fulfilled this requirement.”
The organisation described the move as a “very sad day, as the KRS was one of the founding fathers of the network”.
Under recent changes pushed through by Poland’s rightwing Law and Justice (PiS) government, magistrates will now be elected by parliament instead of judicial council members.
The move is part of a broader judicial reforms, which Warsaw argues are needed to tackle corruption and overhaul a system still marked by the communist era.
However, critics say the measures put the judicial system under government control and threaten democracy.
Brussels has launched so-called Article 7 proceedings against Poland over “systemic threats” to the rule of law.
Steps taken under Article 7 of the European Union Treaty, known by some in Brussels as the “nuclear option”, could ultimately strip Poland of its EU voting rights — although Hungary has already vowed to veto any such move.
On Monday, 100 magistrates approved Poland’s suspension from the ENCJ, with six votes against the move and eight abstentions.
“Member States are free to organise their judicial systems in a way that they see fit, but there are some minimum standards that have to be complied with,” the ENCJ said.
KRS president Leszek Mazur said the reasoning behind the decision “was not justified”.
“We see (this vote) not as a judgement of our work but of the reform packet adopted by the legislative and executive powers,” he told reporters in Bucharest.
Poland last week rejected EU criticism of its controversial Supreme Court reforms, challenging Brussels to take its case to the bloc’s top court.