This Online Paper by the Federal Trust focuses
on how flexibility is envisaged in the new constitutional
This paper focuses on how flexibility is
envisaged in the new constitutional text. It
does so by analysing the evolution of the
method of enhanced co-operation from its
origins through to the constitutional era.
Using as point of departure an analysis of the
history of flexibility and its manifestations
throughout the life of the Communities, this
paper analyses how enhanced co-operation has
evolved from its original formulation in the
Amsterdam Treaty and the minor Nice reforms to
the Constitutional Treaty itself. The objective
of the paper is to assess the achievements of
the constitutional text as regards this method
of co-operation and determine whether the new
reform has established the pillars for the
effective development of enhanced co-operation,
or rather that another window of opportunity to
make it a plausible and useful tool of
integration has been squandered.
The Abstract was taken directly from
the Federal Trust’s Online Paper 24/04
written by Sandra Marco Colino.
to access the paper.