The EU denounced “disproportionate use of force against peaceful protesters” on Saturday (27 July), after Russian police arrested nearly 1,400 people as they gathered in Moscow at the weekend to demand free and fair elections, the biggest such crackdown in years.
About 3,500 people took part in the unauthorised protest on Saturday according to official figures, after authorities blocked prominent opposition candidates from taking part in municipal elections.
— Meduza in English (@meduza_en) July 28, 2019
Police used batons on protesters as they tried to gather outside city hall, and AFP reporters at the scene saw demonstrators with injuries.
Chilling scenes from brutal arrests of protesters in Moscow. When I was there for a few short days this spring, the tension of unrest could be felt beneath Moscow’s beautiful facade. Continue to be inspired by the brave Russians on the streets. https://t.co/RS7wlom7ZF
— Dr Alina Polyakova (@apolyakova) July 28, 2019
The rally comes amid wider public frustration over declining living standards that has hit President Vladimir Putin’s approval ratings.
Big protest marches in Moscow today, and they are calling out Putin by name. For 20 years he has used repression, propaganda, and war to blame others for Russia's crisis. https://t.co/RMOThsvJCZ
— Garry Kasparov (@Kasparov63) July 27, 2019
A week before, 22,000 took to the streets in a sanctioned protest, calling on authorities to reverse their decision ahead of the September city council vote.
After that demonstration, investigators raided the homes and headquarters of a number of disqualified candidates. Top Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny was jailed for 30 days for calling the fresh protest.
On Sunday, Navalny was taken to hospital from jail after suffering what his press secretary said was a “severe allergic reaction”.
His personal physician Anastassia Vassilieva said on Facebook after visiting Navalny in hospital that he was suffering with swollen eyelids and multiple abcesses on his neck, back, torso and elbows.
“Following the doctor's statement that Navalny was likely poisoned, a small group of his supporters gathered outside the hospital where he’s being treated. Police detained at least 20 people there, according to a live broadcast by TV Rain, whose reporter was also detained there.”
— Rachel Maddow MSNBC (@maddow) July 29, 2019
“We can’t rule out that his skin has been exposed to a toxin and been damaged by an unknown chemical substance from a third person,” she said, adding that Navalny has never had any allergies.
OVD-Info, an organisation that monitors protests, reported Sunday that 1,373 people were arrested.
It said this was the highest number since mass demonstrations in 2012, when tens of thousands protested Putin’s return to the Kremlin after four years as prime minister.
Opposition activists have called for another rally for open elections next weekend.
— Frederik Pleitgen (@fpleitgenCNN) July 27, 2019
‘Disproportionate police force’
The EU spokesperson Maja Kociajancic stated that the detentions, and the disproportionate use of force against peaceful protesters, “once again seriously undermine the fundamental freedoms of expression, association and assembly. These fundamental rights are enshrined in the Russian constitution and we expect them to be protected”.
“For the upcoming local elections in September 2019 to represent a genuinely democratic process, it is essential to create the conditions for a level playing field and an inclusive political environment”, she said, calling on the Russian authorities to respect Russia’s OSCE commitments and other international obligations when conducting the upcoming local elections.
The US embassy in Moscow also denounced the use of what it said was “disproportionate police force” against peaceful protestors.
The violence and arrests “undermine rights of citizens to participate in the democratic process,” embassy spokeswoman Andrea Kalan wrote in a tweet.
Amnesty International also criticised the crackdown.
In a statement, Council of Europe Secretary General Thorbjorn Jagland emphasised that “all legitimate candidates should be allowed to participate and free and fair elections must be guaranteed.”
Elections to Moscow’s 45-seat legislative body, currently controlled by the pro-Kremlin United Russia party, are to be held in six weeks.
While pro-Kremlin candidates enjoy the support of the state, independent candidates say they have been made to jump through countless hoops in order to get on the ballot for the city polls.
Following pickets last week, including outside the local election commission building, investigators said they were launching a criminal probe into obstructing the work of election officials.
If found guilty, organisers risk up to five years in prison.
Local polls are a rare opportunity for dissenting voices to participate in political life as anti-Kremlin parties have been squeezed out of parliament over Putin’s two decades in power.
Macron invites Putin
French President Emmanuel Macron is going to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin at Fort de Brégançon, an islet off the French Mediterranean coast which serves as retreat to the President of France, on 19 August.
“I am getting ready for a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin”, Macron told the BMF TV channel.
The visit takes place days before the G7 leaders meet in the southwestern French city of Biarritz on 24-26 August.
France holds the 2019 presidency of the G7, which also includes Britain, Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States.
Russia was slung out of what used to be the G8 in 2014 over its annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.
In late June, Macron had already announced he planned to meet Putin after the two leaders had a long conversation.